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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎3v] (6/58)

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The record is made up of 29 folios. It was created in 13 Apr 1863. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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My baggage animals were delayed nearly a fortnight at Maslioor, unable to reach
Dorack. The direct road to Dorack from the Huffar was quite impassable when
1 dragged in a canoe from JVlahoinera to I^oiack. Ihere is a circuitous road
going round near the Karoon, which leads from Dorack to the Huffar, but even that
is almost impassable in the wet season. During the subsidence this territory would
be fatal to horses and men whether from Masma, or the marsh insects. Grass is
plentiful over boundless plain, in the spring of favorable years. But in drv years
your horse may famish. For the old chopped straw of last year is out; the grass
is too short for a horse to crop; and young corn is findable only in patches near
the towns.
32. The water is brackish along the entire line, unless when drawn from the
river: that of the Hindeean and Huffar is delicious. The water in the Dorack
canal, through the marsh portion of it, is rough, and distasteful. It is reputed
also unwholesome; especially during the summer months.
33. In former'times, a series of circles of Arab villages, lying alono- the coast
to the southward of Hindeean, would have fallen under the class of territories
which, though inferior in size and power to that of the Chaabs, were yet tributary
to Persia, but administered by their native Chiefs or Sheikhs.
34. ^ At present, however, all these Settlements have fallen so much under the
jurisdiction of Shiraz or Bushire, and are so intermingled with their affairs that
it seems preferable to notice these Settlements under the heading of territory
directly under the local Officers of the Shah.
35. I pass accordingly to the second class; of which the nearest Port to the
Chaab Territory is that ofDeelum, situate a few miles below Shah Abool Shah,
above alluded to. _ Bunder Deelum is under the Government of Bushire; and the
constitution of this sea board provincial Government, is somewhat complex.
Down to a period of recent date, Bushire was, like other Ports alono- the coast
governed by its own Sheikhs. Eventually the Bushirees fell out with the nmh-
bouring tribes of the Dashties and Tungistoonees. Persia availed herself of the
dissension to press cm Bushire; establish a Government there, and reduce both
pashties and Tungistoonees, together with some minor tribes, such as the Rohillas
immediately around the Bushire creek, to a condition subordinate to Bushire.
36. At the present moment, the Government extends from Deelum on the
JS orth to near Congoon on the South; embracing a series of petty tribes both
Persian and Arabic, living in their own circles of villages, and interfered with bv
t e. central Government very much in proportion to their several means of
37. Southward from Congoon toLingah, both inclusive, lies a chain of coast
Milages or small I orts, whose revenues and affairs are subordinate to the Provin
cial Government of lars at Shiraz; although the Governor of Bushire, in his
capacity of High Admiral of the sea and Ports (Persia does not possess a vessel of
War), has charge of their maritime interests.
38. rims then, after leaving the Hindeean, we find a coast line from Deelum
to Lmgah, niore or less subordinate to Bushire; and of which, the Settlements and
nbes, from Deelum to Congoon, may be approximately estimated at # Persians
an 4 Aiabs, and those from Congoon to Lingah ,[ Persians and ^ Arabs.
+ . xw a S en eral rule, the Arab circles of villages are farmed and adminis-
eiec )\ their own Sheikhs, who arrange their own civil disputes, and pay a lump
sum o icvenue per annum. Murder would be compensated by blood money; but
ae bjeivh would not send the murderer to Bushire for punishment. The Sheikh
in urn w ou d levy rent on the farmers by the cow. A cow is supposed to plough
land enough for 4 maunds of seed barley, and 4 maunds of seed wheat. A farmer
as vs iis> neighbour, for instance, how many cows he is sowing. The crop borne
y a cow o and, pays f5 or so Krans per annum, in money; and one maund of
vv iea., an one of barley, apparently for K urn eh, or expenses in collecting.
1 " n c . ;lS0 , 0 ' a Persian circle of villages, or a Persian Port, (not like
the Dashties sufficiently strong to defend itself), the Hakem or Sheikh, or Moollah

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Report from Pelly to the Chief Secretary to Government in the Political Department, Bombay, compiled in Bushire 13 April 1863.

The report details the tribes, trade and resources of the Gulf Littoral which is divided into seven areas according to their political administration. The report also includes a list of detailed statements of imports and exports at Bushire.

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29 folios
Physical characteristics

Item foliated in the front top right hand corner of each folio with a pencil number enclosed in a circle.

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English in Latin script
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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎3v] (6/58), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/48, ff 1-29, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 3 July 2020]

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