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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎11r] (21/58)

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The record is made up of 29 folios. It was created in 13 Apr 1863. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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21
but, it is, pearls alone excepted, the sole export of these Maritime Arabs. Men
must export what tliey can produce and spare, or else they must go without
Imports. If men situate like these Arabs do not export salt-fish and pearls, they
must either turn pirates, or starve.
111. So long ago as 1823 Captain McLeod reporting on the Joasmee tribe
(being then at Ras-ul-khyma and Shargah) described them as possessing " no
articles of export, since their pearls are generally purchased by merchants on the
spot, and the produce of their country is not even sufficient for their maintenance.
Iheir only employment is fishing, diving for pearls and importing dates, grain and
other necessaries of life, which they purchase with the price of those pearls.
1 heir dates are chiefly brought from Bahrein and Busreh; grain and cloth from
Muscat and the Persian Ports. They are very poor, and, perhaps can never find
much employment in commerce unless in carrying for others, although it is said
they at one time possessed a very extensive trade. The Joasmees procure all their
materials for building, as well as their warlike stores from Muscat, Bahrein and
the Persian Ports in the lower part of the Gulf."
112. Colonel Kemball writing in 1845, remarked:—
" Upon the success of the Pearl fishing, and the profits of the carrying trade,
which it brings into operation, must depend the means of obtaining the positive
necessaries of life, and those trifling luxuries desirable to an Arab. It is needless
to observe how materially their own condition, and by an easily deduced corollary,
the safety of the Gulf, might be affected by the failure of a single season." Hence
' the anxiety and care attended with great expense which has been devoted" by
our Government " to the maintenance of perfect tranquillity and security on the
Pearl banks."
113. The Maritime resources of the Arab (or Piratical) Ports are stated to
be as follows:—■
Poets.
Buglas
engaged in
the Indian
and Afri
can trades.
Their ton
nage in
morahs.
Smaller
vessels for
Gulf trade
from 500
to 1,000
morahs.
Pearl
Boats.
Remarks.
Kas-ul-kliyma
Eamse
11
1
24,000
1,000
••••••
14,750
15
6
6
15
Pays 800 Drs. annually to Eas-
ul-ldiyma.
Do. 900 to 1,000 Do. do.
Do. 200 Do. do.
Do. 1,500 Do. do.
Do. 50 to 75 Do. toShar-
Do. 100 Do. do.
Do. 100 Do. do.
In addition to the places here enu
merated as Joasmee territory,
Sheikh Sultan ben Suggur posses
ses several small places on this as
well as Coomza, Dibah, and Khore
Facawn, and others on the other
side of Cape Mussendom, which
yields him a small revenue. His
supremacy over Cassaab is merely
nominal.
Jazirat-ul-Hamra ...
Himreeah
35
30
400
25
25
50
Shargah
Heyrah
6
25
Fa slit
• •••••
2,000
Khan
Total...
Amulgavine'
Ejman 3
Debaye
Aboothabee
1
5
19
41,750
56
580
3
4
2
9,500
6,000
» • • • e •
4,000
10
10
4
10
60
50
90
600
The tax levied upon each diver and his attendant varies, under the different Arab Chief
tains, from Ivr to 7 Dollars. The amount, too, fluctuates each season, at the will of the
Sheikh.
114. The population varies in these towns; and the frequent convulsions
sustained by society have precluded any permanent increase. The Ports of
6

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Content

Report from Pelly to the Chief Secretary to Government in the Political Department, Bombay, compiled in Bushire 13 April 1863.

The report details the tribes, trade and resources of the Gulf Littoral which is divided into seven areas according to their political administration. The report also includes a list of detailed statements of imports and exports at Bushire.

Extent and format
29 folios
Physical characteristics

Item foliated in the front top right hand corner of each folio with a pencil number enclosed in a circle.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Report No.67 of 1863 detailing the tribes, trades and resources of the Gulf Littoral [‎11r] (21/58), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F126/48, ff 1-29, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/get-highlighted-words/81055/vdc_100022698109.0x000016> [accessed 18 January 2019]

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