al-Kitāb al-Manṣūrī الكتاب المنصوري Rāzī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakarīyā رازي، أبو بكر محمد بن زكريا

Or 5316

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The record is made up of Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+191+ii. It was created in 1000. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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Content

Influential compendium of medicine written in 903 and dedicated to the Governor of Rayy, Abū Ṣāliḥ Manṣūr ibn Isḥāq (أبو صالح منصور بن إسحق; see fol. 1v, line 3, transcribed below). The text is divided into ten books (مقالات), each one subdivided into chapters (فصول).

The copy was completed at Mashhad on 1 Ramaḍān 1000/11 June 1592 by the physician Salmān al-Mūsawī (سلمان الموسوي الطبيب; see colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. , f. 191v, lines 16-20, transcribed below).

Begins (f. 1v, lines 2-4):

قال أبو بكر محمد بن زكريا المتطبب الرازي رحمه الله إلى جاميع الأمير سندي وابن

سيدي أبي صلح منصور بن إسحق أطال الله بقاه في كتابي هذا جملًا وجوامع ونكتاد

عيونًا في صناعة الطب...

Ends (f. 191v, lines 8-12):

... وأما فيمن لم يكن حوارتهم كثيرة

ملتهبة فليوخذ لكل رطل من جملة هذا وزن درهم مصطكى ومثله

قرتمل ومثله سنبل فيصير في خرقة ويلقى فيها عند الطبخ وإذ قد

بينا على جميع المقالات في صدر هذا الكتاب وليكمل كتابنا في

الموضع والله محمود...

Colophon Section at the end of a manuscript text. (f. 191v, lines 12-21):

... تم الكتاب للحكيم الفاضل محمد بن زكريا الرازي

ولواهب العقل الحمد بلا نثاية كما هو أهله ومستحقه وصلى

الله علي محمد النبي وآله الطيبين الطاهرين الأخيار

وسلم تسليمًا دائمًا كثيرًا في غرة شهر رمضان المبارك

سنة عشر آلف من الهجرة النبوية صلى الله

عليه وآله وسلم في مشهد إمام الجن والأنس

أبو الحسن علي ابن موسا الرضا عليه ألف

الصلوة وسلم كثير العميد المذهب

سلمان الموسوي الطبيب غفر الله

ذنوبه ولوالديه

Extent and format
Codex A collection of pages, usually gathered into quires, and bound between covers. ; ff. i+191+ii
Physical characteristics

Material: Paper

Dimensions: 255 x 170 mm leaf [167 x 90 mm written]

Foliation: British Museum foliation in pencil

Ruling: Misṭarah ; 19 lines per page; vertical spacing 11 lines per 10 cm

Script: Naskh with nasta‘līq features; the scribe is Salmān al-Mūsawī (سلمان الموسوي; see f. 191v, line 20)

Ink: Black

Binding: British Museum binding

Condition: Some wormholes

Marginalia: Few and most appear to be by hand of scribe

Seals: Fol. 1r

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Archival file

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
Or 5316

History of this record

Date(s)
1000 (AH, Hijri qamari)
Context of creation

Mashhad

Provenance
  • Salmān al-Mūsawī (سلمان الموسوي), physician and the manuscript's scribe, his inscription in Persian (f. 1r);
  • Ibn Sayf al-Dīn ibn Muẓaffar (ابن سيف الدين بن مظفر), physician, his inscription and seal, undated (f. 1r);
  • Muḥammad Jasīm (محمد جسيم), his inscription and seal, date illegible (f. 1r);
  • Aḥmad ibn Salmān ibn Qāsim al-Mūsawī (أحمد بن سلمان بن قاسم الموسوي), physician and son of the manuscript's scribe, his inscription (f. 191v).
Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from Gulbenkian & Co., 28 March 1898

Related material

Finding aids
  • Ellis, A.G. and Edward Edwards, A Descriptive List of the Arabic Manuscripts Acquired by the Trustees of the British Museum since 1894 (London: British Museum, 1912), p. 45
  • Hamarneh, Sami, Catalogue of Arabic Manuscripts on Medicine and Pharmacy at the British Library (Cairo: Les Editions Universitaires d’Egypte, 1975), Item 65, pp. 55-57
Select Bibliography

Edition:

  • Rāzī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakarīyā, Manṣūrī fī al-ṭibb , ed. Ḥāzim al-Bakrī al-Ṣadīqī (Kuwayt: Manshūrāt Ma‘had al-Makhṭūṭāt al-‘Arabīyyah, 1987)

Study:

  • Ullmann, Manfred, Die Medizin im Islam (Leiden: Brill, 1970), p. 132

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al-Kitāb al-Manṣūrī الكتاب المنصوري Rāzī, Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakarīyā رازي، أبو بكر محمد بن زكريا, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, Or 5316, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100022996955.0x000001> [accessed 20 May 2019]

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