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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎14v] (28/70)

The record is made up of 35 folios. It was created in 10 Mar 1874. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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24
very bad bargain if it gave up the Egyptian tribute
in order to enable Mehemet Ali to conquer and
retain, as he assuredly would do, the Provinces of
Arabia. ^
It was, however, generallv believed that such an ^ os ' 2 and 7 > of January 1
T • , ' , ^ . and 17, 1847.
expedition as the bultan proposed would be annihi
lated, and it was therefore abandoned.
In May 1848, it having been reported that the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , June 27, 1848.
Yemen had submitted to the Porte, and that Emir
Houssain had been raised to the rank of Pasha,
the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. of the East India Company
at Aden addressed a letter to the Government of
Bombay in which he gave the following particulars
respecting Sheriff Houssain:—
" In 1836 Sheriff Houssain was a Kalil, or Secre
tary to Mahomed Ameen Bey, then Governor of
Mocha under Mehemet Ali Pasha. On the evacu
ation of the Yemen by the Egyptian troops, in
accordance, I believe, with the Treaty of the five
Powers of Europe, attempts were made by Mehemet
Ali's Government to dispose of the seaport towns to
the highest bidder. The Imaum of Senna was too
poor to come forward, and the struggle rested
between Ali Homeida, a powerful Chief of the
Tehama, and Sheriff Houssain ibn Ali Hyder, whose
influence was supported solely by his holy character
as a Syud of the Aschaaffee tribe.
<f Through the machinations of one Hadj Yusef,
a wealthy merchant yet residing at Hodeida, Sheriff
Houssain was left in charge of the seaport towns on
the withdrawal of the Pasha's troops. A promise
was made through Hadj Yusef of a certain sum
annually to His Highness Mehemet Ali, and there
is reason to believe that a large amount was paid
into the Egyptian Treasury; but no sooner did the
wily Chief find himself strong enough to stand alone-
than he at once declared himself independent, and,
not satisfied with requiring the submission of the
Imaum of Senna, was insolent enough to require
the British to relinquish Aden, or to profess the
Mahomedan faith, on pain of extermination.
"Flushed with success, this Chief, in 1840, had
the presumption to cut down the English flagstaff
at Mocha and to treat it with the greatest indignity,
issuing at the same time an edict that no Christian
should be allowed to ride in or near Mocha, and
confining the ingress and egress to one gate.

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Content

Memorandum prepared by Edward Hertlset, Foreign Office Librarian, on 5 March 1874 (printed by the Foreign Office 10 March 1874). The document gives a historical overview (from 1517 to 1874) of claims on the Red Sea coast, with particular focus on those of the Ottoman Turks and the Egyptians. It discusses attempts by the French, Italians and Americans to gain a foothold in the region. It ends with a summary of things as they stand, with political and commercial considerations, as well as those of the slave trade.

Hertslet quotes extensively from his sources, notes on which appear in the left-hand margin.

Extent and format
35 folios
Arrangement

At the beginning (folios 1-2) there is a table of reference to facts and dates, with reference to the printed page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A second foliation sequence is also present in parallel between ff 1-34; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and are located in the bottom right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The booklet also contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Memorandum on the Turkish claim to sovereignty over the eastern shores of the Red Sea and the whole of Arabia; and on the Egyptian claim to the whole of the western shore of the same sea, including the African coast from Suez to Cape Guardafui.' [‎14v] (28/70), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B8, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023282030.0x00001d> [accessed 13 December 2019]

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