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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎10v] (27/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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A
RUIES RESTRICTING MOVEMENT FROM ONE TOWN TO ANOTHER OF INDEBTED NAKHUDA The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. AND DIVERS, AND WORK BY DIVERS DURING THE OFF
SEASON.
Rule 1. A Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. before leaving a town for good must
pay his own debts.
Before leaving his original town a Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. must pay all
debts due from him there, and unless he has done so,
he must return to his original town at the end of a
voyage or a pearling season.
Payment must be made as provided by Rule 19.
Bahrain Note ;—
"If the sailors wish to leave the Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. , they can
get " barwahs" 3 and get employment with
other Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. . "
Kuwait Note ;—
" Should the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. remove himself to another
town, and should he have sailors owing money to
him in his original town, he must appoint an agent
to recover his dues and authorise him to issue
" barwahs " to the sailors, whom he cannot compel
to pay up at once. The Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. is not required
to arrange for their subsistence nor are the sailors
required to embark in the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. 's boats at his
new town. If the sailors or their new Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat.
cannot pay their dues in full, then arrangements
must be made to pay them by instalments."
Rule 2. Responsibilities of a Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. leaving a town
towards his sailors who remain there.
Should a Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. leave his town, he should arrange for
the subsistence of any sailors of his resident there, by
giving them" tisqam " 1 or " salaf " 2 ; if he does so,
the sailors are bound to embark on the said Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. 's
vessels at the commencement of the pearling season,
wherever he may be, and to dive as usual according to
the pterins of their original agreement with him.
1 " Tisqam " = an advance given to a diver in the off season about November or December when the divers have lost all their money and are getting hard-up.
2 " Salaf 11 = an advance given to sailors about ten days before the commencement of the pearling season.
8 Vide paragraph 24 for definition.

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Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎10v] (27/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x00001c> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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