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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎11v] (29/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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" (
*mgm
}' V,
' '' .^V / ■
A
Rule 6. Restriction on work in the
indebted sailor.
off season " by an
Rule 7. Diver taking service with third party during
of! season on fixed wage for employment local
ly.
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A has a claim against sailor B ; Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. C
desires to employ B in the off season on the Red Sea
pearl-banks or otherwise.
B dies, or absconds, or does not return in time for the
Gulf Fishery.
Shargah Note:—
" B is at liberty to proceed to the Red Sea Fisheries or
elsewhere, because a sailor is free on the termina
tion of the Gulf Pearling Season.
Bahrain Note :—
" If B has been paid ' tisqam' by A he cannot go, and
in no case can C take 1 .im without A s consent *,
A would probably ask him to guarantee B's debts
before consenting. "
Kuwait Note:—
" C must pay A's claims against B. "
" Permission to an indebted diver to go on a deep sea
voyage would only be given on condition that he
returns in time for the deep sea voyage. "
Shargah Note ;—
" C is not answerable to A for B's debts unless he
misses the Gulf fishery owing to his having been
detained by C, in which case (unless he had A's
permission to take away B) he is responsible. G
is likewise not answerable if B is detained owing
to circumstances beyond C's control, such as a war
between two Powers. "
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A has diving claims against sailor B, who during
the off season takes service locally on a fixed wage with
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. C.
When the pearling season comes round C cannot detain B,
even if B is in his debt, unless he pays A's claim against
B. If B has received " tisqam " from A he must
go pearling with him and C cannot release him by pay
ment of that debt. C's debt must stand over till the
next off season, when he can call on B either to pay
up his debt or serve him for that off season.

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎11v] (29/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x00001e> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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