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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎15v] (37/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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■■■ ■
Mnnt* ■••■'"'■*
\W^ •
kules hegulating duties and obligations of nakhud \s amn pi^pqamq wliv-v tt^xti-w
jnakhudas andprrso^who lend them money for pearling business, becovery
Kulo 19. Creditor and debtor in same town
to
A, a towash or merchant, advances money on diving business
to Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. H who goes to the Pearl Fishery ; at the end
of the season B is unable to satisfy A's claim in full.
(1) A can be merciful and advance more money to B
to enable him to continue business, and meet his
obligations to A by instalments.
Or (2) B can, with the intervention if necessary of the
Salifah, obtain an advance from C to enable him
to settle with A.
Or (3) Ling eh only. A is entitled to recover his claim
from B's indebted divers and haulers, if B can
not pay himself.
Or (4) A is entitled to seize Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. B's books and
take over B's claims against his sailors, which
are B's assets ; the said sailors thus becoming
bound to A.
A is also entitled to seize B's boat. If the above settle
ment is only partial, A must wait till the following
year and arrange for B to pay the rest by instalments,
bhargah considers that A can recover his claim by action
in the following order ;—
{i) Vessel, (u) local indebted sailors, (Hi) foreign in
debted sailors.
iVo^.—A Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. is generally speaking required to bring
his take of pearls to the towash to whom he is in
debted ; if they cannot agree on the price to be paid
for them, he is then at liberty to sell them elsewhere
for a better price, but on condition that he liquidates
his debt to the towash from the proceeds. But this
does not apply to a Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. indebted to a trader,
and advances of supplies {i.e., not cash) do not entitle
the merchant to first refusal of the " take."

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎15v] (37/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000026> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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