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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎17v] (41/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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IHHHH
HIHHUL.
W:
Vi
Bule 24, Before the commeucement of tlie pearling
season, a " barwah " for Ms total debts is given
07 sailor to Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. .
BAEWAH'S CUSTOM REGARDING—
At the time of starting for the pearl banks, when the
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. adjusts his accounts with the sailors
he usually obtains a " barwah " from them duly at
tested by witnesses, more particularly if there is any
dispute about "tisqam" (Shargah^-
In Bahrain the "barwah" is apparently only signed by
the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. sometimes, but not necessarily before
the Salifah Judge.
In Kuwait it is not customary for Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. to give
barwahs to a sailor unless the latter wants to leave
him, in which case he gets a "barwah" which he
then hawks round till he can induce some other Na
khuda to pay its amount to the original Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. .
When this is done, the new Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. retains the
"barwah" himself as documentary proof that he has
legally engaged the sailor.
In Kuwait (and probably elsewhere) a dispute between
sailor and Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. is generally decided by produc
tion of the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. 's books, in which the sailor's
accounts are kept. Shargah states that advances giv
en to sailors are recorded in the books and a "barwah"
for the total signed by them.

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Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎17v] (41/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x00002a> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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