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'File 10/6 Pearl diving and pearl trade: Correspondence re:' [‎2r] (3/44)

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The record is made up of 1 file (22 folios). It was created in 5 Jun 1929-18 Apr 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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A Direr - raooives tlirae Bliares.
A Puller
two share s•
A half puller, usually boys, apprenticss,
two radifs count as one Seib The person who pulls the diver up at the end of a dive. , eaohi
receives half a Seib The person who pulls the diver up at the end of a dive. 's share#
The " Wakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. 1 * of the Nakhuda# He receives
the share of three divers.
Cook, usually a boy, paid by the divers*
A divor who goes out in some Nakhuda's
boat, but dives independently, keeping
his own catch, paying the Hakhuda one fifth
of his profits and paying his own keep.
This is only done under the Kharnas system#
Boat Captain^ receives one fifth of the
total profits after deducting license and
all expenses#
A1 Birr
) Land Captain, who finances tho sea
) Nakhuda#
vamrmmmmmmrn v\ t m m \mmmm
1# Amil # The sea Nakhuda finances himself from the
Tajaa. The Tajaa is supposed not to charge
interest on the money and so the sea Nakhuda
does not charge interest to his divers on
money advanced# In return for financing the
boat the Tajaa has the option of buying all
the pearls in the catch#
Note # Selling of pearls . The pearls are
collected on board and handed over to the
Nakhuda# Shell are opened in the evening
under the strict supervision of the Nakhuda*
On returning to land, or on arrival of buyers
on Tawasha Boats at the Pearl Banks, he may
sell them, to the best advantage and with the
knowledge of the crew# Two-thirds of the crew
must be present as witnesses to the sale, accord
ing to one of the Diving Rules# In spite of
this, there is little doubt that in many cases
some of the pearls are kept back and sold
independently by the Nakhuda.
2# Madyan . Both the sea and the Land Nakhudas charge

About this item


The file contains a paper entitled 'Vocabulary of diving terms', giving a list of terms for types of divers and persons related to diving, and descriptions of four diving systems; notes on advances and payments; notes on accounts; list of general terms relating to diving; miscellaneous notes on diving; correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , Bushire (Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Charles Johnson Barrett), and the American Consul in Baghdad, dated 1929, in which the Resident strongly advises the Consul against an American firm sending a pearl fishing ship to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , stating that the pearl fisheries had been conducted from time immemorial by the inhabitants of the Gulf coasts, and any interference by outsiders would be strenuously resisted and attended with considerable risk; press cuttings, 1934-1935; and note on levy recruits' diving debts.

Extent and format
1 file (22 folios)

The papers are arranged chronologically from the front to the rear of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation system in use appears in a circle in the top right-hand corner of each folio. There is a second, uncircled, foliation sequence by which some of the folios are numbered (with gaps) 1-8, 18-19, 35-37, and 78-79 (folios 2-21).

Condition: Folio 21 is torn at one corner and some text is missing.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'File 10/6 Pearl diving and pearl trade: Correspondence re:' [‎2r] (3/44), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/2/1349, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 18 April 2024]

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