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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎67] (78/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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(ii) Claim to sovereignty over Bahrain by the Turks summarily rejected
by the British Government, 1851 . . • , • • •
(ui) Supplementary engagement in regard to the slave trade, 10th.Mav
1856 . . \
(iv) Renewed danger from the Wahhabis, now nominally subject to
Turkey, and from sons of the ea?-Shaikh again averted by
British action, 1859 ....... k
(v) Shaikh of Bahrain simultaneously invites protection of j Turkey and
Persia, by both of whom envoys are sent to Bahrain where the
Persian dnd Turkish flags are alternately hoisted, 1859
(vi) Discussion of the policy to be adopted by Britain in regard to these
events; Secretary of State accepts view that independence of
Bahrain shall be recognised, 1861 . .
(vii) Convention with Britain signed by Shaikh of Bahrain, 21st May
1861, result of which was to assimilate position of Bahrain to
that of the Trucial Chiefs in regard to the perpetual Treaty of
Peace . * . . . . ,
(viii) Expulsion of Muhammad, son of thejea?-Shaikh 'Abdullah, from
Dammam by British Naval force, 1861 .
(ix) Resident forbidden to confiscate vessels belonging to chiefs on his
own responsibility . . . .
(#) Reassertion of Persian claims to Bahrain, 1866-1867
(xi) Claims of the Wahhabi Amir to Bahrain, 1866-1867
(a) Colonel Pelly of opinion that Shaikh held himself inde
pendent as regards Bahrain, and only paid tribute to
the Wahhabis for protection of his Qatar possession ; .
(h) Government of India enunciate opinion in 1867 that
Shaikh was independent of other powers in respect of
his insular possessions and not subject to Wahhabis
unless in regard to Qatar .....
(xii) Treacherous attack by Shaikh Muhammad of Bahrain and the
Shaikh of Abu Dhabi on Dohah and Wakrah, 1867 .
(a) British punitive action against Bahrain and Abu Dhabi,
1868 ...
(b) Flight of Shaikh Muhammad and Agreement executed
5th September 1868 with his brother ^ Ali-bi n - K halifah
declaring Muhammad to have forfeited the chiefship
and Shaikh 'Ali to have become sole ruler. Amongst
other provisos was one for appointment of an agent to
represent Shaikh at Bushehr in his dealings with the
Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. ........
(c) Protest by Persia against British action and British promise
that should punitive measures against Bahrain again
become necessary, Persia would, if practicable, be
informed beforehand, 1869 .....
886 1843—1868.
Rule op 'Ali-bin-Khalifah, 1868-1869, and In-
terregrnum, 1869 . 896
A. Intrigues of the ^-Shaikh Muhammad^ 1869 . . . 896
(i) Invasion of Bahrain and death of Shaikh 'AU, 1869 . , . 897

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎67] (78/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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