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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1818] (335/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Capture of
the Dutch
on Kharag
by Mir
1st January
and to prepare, by throwing up new batteries/ for the defence of tlie
Mir Mahanna was not slow to follow up his success by invading tlie
Island of Kharag. The transportation of his troops from Khargu
across the intervening strait was so arranged that the larger Dutcli
vessels could not be used to prevent it ; and ultimately the Dutch witli
a fighting force of about 200, including a considerable proportion of
Europeans, found themselves besieged in the town of Kharag by 500
men under Mir Mahanna. About midnight on the 31st December 1765,
after a thirteen days' siege, the Arabs escaladed the town wall and took
possession of one of its bastions; <c and the next morning, though there-
^were above 60 or 70 Europeans in the Fort, they delivered it up on
condition of retiring in safety to what place they chose, not having had
above 8 or 9 men killed and wounded." This final surrender, otherwise
inexplicable, seems to have been due to the treacherous seizure of
Mynheer van Houting and his suite by Mir Mahanna at an interview
in the Fort, to which, on the advice of a Persian confidential agent of the
Governor, they had been admitted for the purpose of discussing terms;
and the circumstance that the military commandant, an altogether
inexperienced officer from Batavia, was taken prisoner along with the
Chief makes this explanation appear in itself sufficient. Two of the
Dutch Company's ships, which had been lying in the roadstead during
these occurrences, set sail down the Gulf immediately upon the flag
of truce being hoisted on the Fort; but the Governor sent a boat after
them with orders for one to return and convey himself and his people
to Bandar ^ Abbas or Cochin. The Dutch then took their departure,
leaving all their goods behind; and on the 4th January 1766 Mynheer
van H outing and his party, including about 50 soldiers, arrived at
Bushehr, where Mr. Jervis, the British Resident, supplied them with
money and other necessaries in exchange for bills. Among the property
which fell into the hands of Mir Mahanna at the capture of Kharag ^
a man-of-war belonging to the Imam of Masqat, which had recently
discharged a cargo of coffee there.
So ended the costly and unremunerative experiment of a fortified
Dutch settlement on Kharag, and no attempt was made to renew it.
Apart from the initial outlay on defensive Works and armed vessels, the
chief item of expenditure had been the pay of some 90 European soldier
and 50 European sailors who formed the ordinary garrison: this was**
recurrent charge and it was rendered heavier by the great annual mor-
tality among the men, due less to the climate than to their manner of

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1818] (335/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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