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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1820] (337/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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As has already been mentioned, in the section on Biitish relations
above, the East India Company^s officials at Basrah inclined after this,
under the leadership of Mr. Moore^ to an alliance with Mir Mahanna
against the Vakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. ; but the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. disapproved o£ their
policy ; and in 1768 Mr. Skipp was sent on a second mission to Shiraz,
which resulted—as before described—in a combination between tlie
British and Karim Khan against Mir Mahanna, and in an unsuccessful
attack by the British on Kharag in the month of May 1768, this attack
leading in its turn to the retaliatory seizure by Mir Mahatma, in August
1768, of the British vessel Speedwell. ,;
The blood-stained career of Mir Mahanna was at length brought to a
close by an insurrection among his own subjects, to whom his tyranny had
become intolerable. A certain Darbas, the principal man in his service
having been confined under his orders and treated with great severity on
account of some trifling offence^ the leading Arab chiefs on Kharag entered
into a conspiracy against the Mir; and on the night of the 26th of Jan
uary 1769, after taking possession of a small work, they made an un
successful attempt to seize his person, which drove him to take refuge
with his immediate followers in a bastion of the main Fort. In this bas
tion Mir Mahanna at first proposed to hold out; but, finding that he
had no longer any party on the island, he changed his mind and managed
to escape from Kharag in a small boat, accompanied by about 20 men
who still adhered to him.
From Kuwait he seems to have made his way to Basrah, where, at
midnight on the 21st of March 1769, he was put to death by strangling
under the orders of the Turkish Mutasallim During the eighteenth century this was the third most powerful official in Ottoman Iraq (after the Pasha and the Kiya). The title was given specifically to the Governor of Basra. . It was said at the time
that the object of tha Turks ir^ thus disposing of the fugitive chief was
to forestall a demand, which it would have been equally dishonourable ^
grant and dangerous to refuse, on the part of Karim Khan for his surrender,
and it was believed that his head, after being seen by the Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. at
Baghdad, would be sent to the Vakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. in Persia.
On the flight of Mir Mahanna from Kharag, the administration of
that place and of Rig devolved ; in some manner, on an individual
named Husain Khan. According to the information received by^ 6
Basrah Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Husain Khan at first seemed " to be wavering between
" his fear of the Caun and his desire of keeping possession of Carrack and
its riches. Some reports Fay that his people are much disaffected t0
* The account given in the text differs somewhat from that of Parson 's (see ^
Travels, pages 195-198), but it is more reliable, as coming from a British official^
not from a Persian non-official source.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1820] (337/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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