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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1979] (496/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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In December 1839 "Agha Jamal/"' evidently that Jamal Khan who
prominent part in the Bushehr revolution of 1833 and after-
wards retired to Masqat, was murdered at the instigation of Baqir Khan,
Tangistani. Jamal Khan^s offence seems to have been that he aspired to
the Government of Bushehr and had undertaken a journey to Shiraz in
the hope of having it conferred on him under a guarantee offered by the
Sultan of ; Oman. His assassination, as we have seen elsewhere, was
deeply resented by his ' Omani patron, who eventually obtained a promise
from the Shah that the murderer should be punished.
Meanwhile the cause of Shaikh Nasir had been espoused by
Manuchehr Khan, the Mo ; tamad*ud-Dauleh, who had lately been
appointed Governor of Isfahan, Luristan and ■'Arabistan, and to whom the
Shaikh had recourse. The Mohamad evidently thought that the Shaikh
might be of use in helping him to obtain the Governor-Generalship of
Pars, which he coveted^ and it was stated at one time that a Farman had
been granted by the Shah at the Mo'tamad-ud-Dauleir's request, appoint
ing Nasir to be Governor of Bushehr and Lord High Admiral of
the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . It does not appear, however, that Shaikh Nasir was
quickly successful in recovering his lost position.
The British military occupation of Kiiarag > already mentioned and
further on described^ continued from June 1838 to February 1842; and,
when it ceased, the island was left in charge of a Persian garrison from
Lar commanded by a certain Lutf ''Ali Khan. Forced to withdraw to
Bushehr by a mutiny of his own men, Lutf ''Ali Khan was able to
attract the sympathy both of the Governor and of the chief Mujtahid of
that town. Each of these authorities sent a deputy to Kharag to enquire
into the facts and expostulate with the garrison; but the emissaries met
with a disagreeable reception, for they were beaten and told to inform
their masters that Kharag was under the ruler of Lar and that, if any
force were sent from Bushehr against Kharag, it would be fired on.
Lutf ^Ali Khan and his champion the Bushehr Mujtahid then wrote
to the Chief of Lar, the one complaining of the insubordination of the
Lari garrison, the other suggesting that a small expedition should be
organised for the purpose of punishing the soldiers and the islanders.
Both of these were Sunnis,—a consideration which seems to have weighed
with the Shi'ah Mujtahid. Lutf ''Ali Khan did not, apparently, wait for
a ny reply, but took with him a body of " about thirty idle Shfahs whom
he had enlisted at Bushire, and arrived at Karrak in warlike guise.*"
The Lar garrison soon terrified the invaders, who fled on board the boat that
bought them, leaving Lutf Ali Khan, their leader, behind them. Nothing, however.
Murder of
Jamal Khan
of Shaikh
Nasir III,
on Kharag

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1979] (496/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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