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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2091] (608/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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assenting in 1876 to the transfer of the office^ made it a condition
that the premises to be occupied at Rishehr should be erected by
Persian subjects and [leased, merely, to the British Government; but
„ ™ ^ Thomson was careful to state to the Persian Government that the
Ipeil acce ptance of the condition was not to be regarded as derogating in any
fei I; ^ froin British privileges in regard to immoveable property dependent
(}J oii trea ties. A controversy on the subject was purposely avoided, there
beiucr a doubt not only whether British subjects were entitled by treaty
to build houses in Persia, but also, whether, in such a matter, the
British Government could properly claim rights identical with those
of their own private subjects.
In January 1882 the question was re-opened by a circular note which
the Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs addressed to the foreign repre
sentatives at Tehran. In this document it was asserted that Article 5 of
the Separate Compact had frequently been interpreted in a sense too
favourable to foreign subjects, " thereby causing an infraction of the
sovereign rights of this country and the rules of its internal organisation,^
and the recipients were invited to caution their nationals against over
stepping the true limits of the article. This note was not answered by
the Russian Legation, who proposed to deal with cases as they arose ; but
the vagueness of its terms did not prevent Mr. R. Thomson, the British
representative, from sending a reply in which he pointed out that foreign
ers had been allowed, for many years past, to acquire and hold landed
property in Persia, especially in Azarbaijan, and that British subjects
could not consistently with treaty be shown less indulgence than other
foreign subjects. From the tenor of the correspondence it would seem
that the point now principally in issue was whether foreigners were
entitled under treaty to acquire immoveable property of the nature of
estates, and villages in Persia, or whether they were restricted to the items
mentioned in the treaty of Turkmanchai,—dwelling houses, warehouses
and places for depositing their merchandise. As proof of the existence
of the more extensive rights now claimed, the British Minister relied
chiefly on the fact that the Bankruptcies Farman 1844 clearly con
templated ownership of whole villages, even, by foreign subjects ; and
he remarked that no exception had hitherto been taken to the acquisition
and holding of estates and villages by Georgian subjects of Eussia in
Azarbaijan and other Persian provinces, or by British Indian subjects in
certain localities.
No further discussion of the subject seems to have taken place ;
but in 1885 the Persian Karguzar at Shiraz informed the Native Agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2091] (608/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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