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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2153] (670/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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bad been delayed in Makran, but that he had since taken the fort of
Sllji ^ and {reduced Malik Dinar, a Gichki chief, to obedience. He was
informed in reply that Sind had been conquered, and that he should
dismiss his troops and join Nadir Shah without delay. It seems probable
y ^ Muhammad Taqi Khan during his invasion of Makran occupied
Gwadar and made it his port. The immediate object of the Persian
operations in Makran appears to have been to help Shaih Qasim, a
Bulaidai chief who had become an orthodox Muhammadan, against
Malik Dinar, who was a Zikri; but their effect was transitory. On
Taqi Khan^s departure, Gwadar, the last Bulaidai stronghold, fell into
the hands of Malik Dinar; and Bulaidai rule in Makran came to an
Makran under the Khans of Kalat, 1740-97.
We may take as the next period in Makran history, though it is an
aitificial one, the time which intervened between the downfall of the
Bulaidais and the accession to the throne of Persia of Fat-h 'Ali Shah.
During the greater part of this period the predominant authority in
Makran was that of the Ahmadzai (Brahui) ruling family of Kalat, who,
after the decline of the Mughal Empire of Delhi, owed allegiance to
the Durrani sovereign of Afghanistan.
The Gichki tribe, who were Zikris like most of the Bulaidais,
succeeded at first to the control of the former Bulaidai districts ; but the by the Khans
Khans of Kalat, who were orthodox Muhammadans, early began to
encroach upon their territories and independence j and Mir Nasir Khan
I, who reigned at Kalat from 1750 to 1793, made no less than nine
expeditions against them. The struggle was ended, apparently beforo the
year 1778, by a compromise under which the revenues of the country
were divided equally between the Gichki chiefs and the Khan, the direct
administration, however, remaining in the hands of the Gichkis. The
Gichki Government was dual, for, while an elder branch of the family
teld Panjgur, a younger one possessed Kaich and Gwadar.
One of the most important consequences of the intervention of the
Khans of Kalat in Makran affairs was the transference of Gwadar, as the 'Oman
teibed in the history of Gwadar and Chahbar, by Mir Nasir I to ^84-92?'
Saiyid Sultan, then a refugee from Masqat, about the year 1784. The
townj with the district attached to it, was retained by the Saiyid after his
succession to the Sultanate of 'Oman, of which in this manner it became
a dependency ; and the grant, though its validity and justice have been
^pugnedj has remained in effect to the present day

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2153] (670/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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