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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2207] (724/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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time of the BSrih is by some divided into two periods^ the
first, which covers 20 days, being called the Barih-al-Ward or
( (^Q Se Barih/ ; while the second, of 40 day^s duration, is known as
the u Barih -al-Mishmish ^ or " Apricot Barih ;? . Natives
believe that failure of the Barih necessarily results in a failure of rain
during the ensuing winter, and there are some recorded instances which
corroborate this theory.
Perhaps the next most prevalent and distinctive wind is the Qaus Other winds,
or south-easter, which in winter alternates with the Shamal.
Other winds are the Na^shi ^*5 or north-easter, which blows strongly
in the Gulf of ''Oman, especially in winter, and during which the Batmah
* coast is a dangerous lee-shore; the Suhaili ^1^ or south-wester, which
is much dreaded by native mariners as it strikes nearly all the sheltered
anchorages on the Persian coast; and the Y ahi and Bahri ,
winds blowing from the north-north-east and east respectively.
fi ■- • • ' MA* nd
The difference in temperature between the northern and southern ends Variations
t: of the Gulf is considerable : at the southern end it never freezes, and according to
snow is not seen except on distant mountains; but in Turkish ^Iraq strong locality..
frosts are experienced, and snow has been known to fall at Bushehr.
The highest absolute temperatures are probably experienced in ''Iraq, Heat.
where the thermometer has been known to reach 123° F. at Basrhdad,
113° P. at Basrah and 116° ¥ at Fao; but the heat is most felt in the
lower part of the Gulf, on account of the moisture with which the
| atmosphere is laden, and it is perhaps more unbearable at Bandar ^Abbas
- than anywhere else. In the middle of summer most of the inhabitants
of that town, as also those of the Ruus-al-Jibal coast on the Arabian
side, migrate to other places in search of a more endurable climate;
and in August 1905, at an elevation of 2,700 feet above the sea behind
Bandar 'Abbas, the thermometer averaged 105° F., and even more,
between 9 a.m . and 6 p.m . ; yet the highest temperature registered at
Bandar ; Abbas in 1906-07 was only 108° F., in the month of May.
It is said that the highest sea temperatures in the world are those
registered off the Persian coast near Lingeh, where in July and August
® the sea water frequently remains at a temperature of 94° F.
; Iraq, the hottest of the districts, is also the coldest, and a reading of Cold.
less than 19° F. has been obtained at Baghdad.
Rainfall and humidity.
The rainfall in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. region is extremely light and the Distribution
following table shows the apparent average, in inches, at the places 0 f
where observations have been recorded :—
Arabian side. Read of the Gulf. Persian side.
Bahrain, 3|. Baghdad, 9. Busliehr, 12.
Musq it, 3 to 6. Basrah, 6. Jashk, 4|.
Fao, 2 to 4. Chabbar, 5 to 6,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2207] (724/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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