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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2321] (838/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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, reagec | gteamer communication possibly accounts for this. They seldom
lUC tf trade to the Red Sea or Zanzibar, their voyages being- generally
^ £ ne( j to Karachi, and sometimes Bombay and Jiddah. Kuwait
0011 us to be the principal place where native craft are built, and Bums
to be the type most frequently built there; but nearly all types of
Jgare constructed. At Bushehr, the Jali is the boat most frequently
5 carrying from 10 to 50 tons. At Bahrain the Shu'ai is the most
commonly built. On the Arab Coast the Baqarah, Shu'ai and Shashah
a re built^ whilst at Lingeh the Baghlah Large trading vessel. and Jali are most often built.
The Tranki was a type of vessel formerly much used in the Gulf, and
was impelled both by oars and sails; it is not now seen in the Gulf. The
true Arab dhow A term adopted by British officials to refer to local sailing vessels in the western Indian Ocean. has also disappeared ; it was similar in appearance to the
^ from which it was distinguished by having a long gallery pro-
from the stern, this being its peculiar characteristic. They
were sometimes brig-rigged, when formerly used for war purposes by the
Qawasim One of the ruling families of the United Arab Emirates; also used to refer to a confederation of seafaring Arabs led by the Qāsimī tribe from Ras al Khaima. and other piratical tribes.
Formerly many wooden ships, barques and brigs were owned in the
Gulf by natives, principally at Masqat and Lingeh, to which places some
few still belong; they were originally bought from European shipping
firms, having been condemned as unfit for their particular service ; and
they were commanded and manned by Arabs.
The largest native craft carry the following native officers, the smaller
ones carry such of these officials as are suitable to their size
1 Nakhuda
or Captain.
1 Mii'allim
or Principal officer.
1 Karvani
or Clerk.
1 Sarhang
or Boatswain An officer responsible for the equipment on a ship and overseeing the work of the ship's crew. .
3 Sukkanis
or Helmsmen, who make and
mend sails and tally cargo.
1 or 2 Tabbakhs
or Cooks.
1 Batili
or Boatkeeper, in large vessels
towiog a Masbnwah.
Seamen are called Bahriyah
(^U ) on the Persian Coast;
Z ) on the Arab Coast; Jashu
Mallah ( ) on the Shatt-al-
I.—BagMali ( ^ )•
— B 'g to all Arab Coast Ports from Masqat to Abu Dhabi, Bahrain
ad Kuwait, Persian Coast, Bushehr, Lingeh, Qishm, Bandar Abbas,
Jsshk, and in tact all Golf ports.
A large native vessel able to carrv from 80 to S00 tons of caigo one
" Baghlah Large trading vessel. the Jabiri" of Lingeh, which was lost about 20 years ago, is
»(1 to have had a carrying capacity of over 500 tons, had two regular
App.Z 146

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2321] (838/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 June 2024]

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