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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2355] (872/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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however, not Saiyids by descent from ; Ali; they are Saiyids only in the
ordinary sense of " princes ". Persons who can trace their descent from
Ismail -bin-Ibrahim (surnamed Tabataba owing to his pronouncing ^ like
k) the great great grandson of ^Ali are styled Tabatabayis/' Ashraf or
Shurafa, Anglice Sharifs, are^ apparently, the descendants of Muhammad
or of his daughter Fatimah otherwise than through an unbroken line of
males* : examples are the Sunni Ashraf of JSTajd and, possibly, the Shi^ah
Shurafa and the Sharifat of ^Arabistan.
Shi'ah sects in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. region.
The following information about Shi'ah sects relates primarily to UsQlis,
Bushehr and the Gulf Ports, and the extent to which it is of general Akhbaris and
application is uncertain.-]- The three principal Shi^ah sects in the Shaikhis.
Gulf are the Usuli, the Akhbari and the Shaikhi, of which the first
is said to enjoy at the present day a great predominance everywhere
in Persia and Turkish 'Iraq, while the second is the oldest, and the
third is the most modern as well as the least numerous of the three.
The main differences between Usulis and Akhbaris appear to be that the
former admit more recent Hadith or traditions than the latter, and that
they allow the validity of decisions reached by means of Ijma J , or the
assembling of learned men, even at the present day. The Akhbaris hold
special Friday prayers like the Sunnis, and some of their Mullas do not
forbid to associate, or even to eat and drink, with Jews and Christians;
in both of these respects they are apparently at variance with the Usulis
and the Shaikhis. The differences between the Akhbaris and the Usulis
seem to have become acute for the first time under the Safavi dynasty^
which preceded that of the Qajars ; and now they are so accentuated that
the members of the two sects will not pray in each other's mosques.
The Akhbaris are said to date from the earliest days of Islam, the History ^ oi
Usulis from about 350 A. H.; and, until comparatively recent times, the the Akh han8.
Shi^ahs of the Gulf appear to have been mostly Akhbaris. The princi
pal Mujtahid or divine of the Akhbaris in the 18th century was the
still famous Shaikh Yusuf-al-Asfur, who died about 1770 A. D.;
he was succeeded by Shaikh Husain-bin-Muhammad, who is said to have
been a prolific writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. and to have settled at Bushehr about the time that
the 'Utub conquered Bahrain (1783 A. D.). After Shaikh Husain
came, about the year 1845, his son Shaikh Hasan ; and the next head of
the Akhbaris in the Gulf was Shaikh Khalif, whose death took place
about the year 1857 at Sarkuvardan in Dashtistan. Khalif was followed
by his son Shaikh 'Abdul 'Ali, who died about 1886. To 'Abdul'Ali
succeeded the present Imam Jum'eh of Bushehr; he is said to have
over 2,000 followers at that place, besides a number in Bahrain. These
* In a report received from Bahrain, however, the term Sharif is stated to mean
only a descendant through males of Hasan, the son of 'All and Ffitimah.
t It should be added that the reports on which this paragraph is based, though
founded on the statements of Mujtahids at Bushehr, are far from clear ; and the in-
|ormation given must therefore be accepted with reserve. The subject is not one
that any but an expert in Muhammadan theology and ecclesiastisal history could
m with satisfaetorily,
1 158 a

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2355] (872/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 June 2024]

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