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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2377] (894/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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India, even from its initiation, seems to have been purely indigenous ;
and its extremely un-Wahhabi character is shown by the facts that
Saiyid Ahmad Shah was early declared to be the Mahdiy and that efforts
were made to induce Shi'ahs to join without changing their religious
beliefs and usages. By 1865, at latest, it had degenerated into mere
political sedition against the established Government.
The Kh5jah sect in the Persian Qnlf region.
We come next to the Khojahs, a body of Muhammadans whose
religious headquarters are at the present time in India, but of whom a
number reside in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . The true Khojahs have been
authoritatively defined"* as follows : " a sect of people whose ancestors
were Hindus in origin, which was converted to and has throughout
abided in the faith of the Shi^ah Imami Isma/ilis, and which has always
been and still is bound by ties of spiritual allegiance to the hereditary
Imams of the Isma^ilis."" This definition of the Khojahs, however, as
we shall see further on, does not apply in its entirety to all who at the
present day are styled Khojahs in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
A short notice of the Isma'ili division of the Shi^ah denomination of
Islam will make the term Khojah more intelligible.
It has been shown, in an earlier paragraph, that ordinary or Ithnah- Origin and
'Ashari Shi'ahs believe twelve " revealed " Imams to have presided over the principle^ of
Muhammadan faith, of whom the last, the Mahdi, will one day re-appear. Ism5
At an early period, a body of Shi'ahs who had arrived at a different
theory regarding the succession of the Imams separated themselves from
the majority ; these were the Isma/ilis or Isma'iliyah axUcU ^ I , who held
that the seventh Imam was not Musa-al-Kadhim, but another son
of Ja^far-as-Sadiq, whose name was Isma/il and who predeceased his
father. The theological doctrines of the Isma/ilis differed in a
great degree from those held by other Shi^ahs, and they were ^ even
subversive of some of the leading principles of I slain as originally
inculcated by Muhammad; but on this aspect of the question we cannot
dwell. In the opinion of the Isma/ilis, a line of " unrevealed " Imams,
who have continued ever after in an unbroken succession, descended from
their seventh Imam.
The political history of the Isma'ilis is very remarkable. From Hi s tory of
1090 to 12-58 A. D. their leaders occupied the mountain stronghold of the Isma'ilis.
Alamut in northern Persia, whence they waged war against the more
orthodox Muhammadan powers adjoining them and replied fo perse
cution by " assassination/'— a word that actually owes its origin to
* This was the definition finally reached by Sir J; Arnould in a monumental
judgment cited in the footnote to the title of the present Appendix.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2377] (894/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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