Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2533] (1050/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

localities and the rest of the country. Recourse was had to sanitary
cordons^ the removal of bridges and similar precautions^ but the measures
adopted proved equally futile and oppressive. House quarantine in
particular gave rise to gross abuses, as poor families were shut in to be
destroyed by the disease, while the rich were able to purchase exemption
and carried infection with them in their movements. In July 1876, after
plague had spread to Persian'Arabistan, the Turkish authorities reduced
the period of their internal quarantines, which had hitherto been longer,
to five da}^ ; but at the same time they very unreasonably imposted a
severe quarantine of fifteen days by land and sea against the whole
Persian kingdom, of which a small portion had been infected from their
own territory. A small sanitary post which the Turks appear to have
established at Fao in 1872 first came to notice at this time.
In 1877 the people of Baghdad, spontaneously abandoned the city
for the open country, and at the end of April about two-thirds of the
entire population were encamped outside the walls, The movement was
attended by immediate good results, and a sanitary cordon was withdrawn
which had been established upon the Diyalah river to prevent the disease
from spreading southwards.
As a rule, in Turkish "'Iraq, the preventive measures were unintelligently
and inconsiderately worked, and symptoms were even perceptible of their
being regarded and treated as a profitable source of revenue. The quaran
tine fees paid by the British river steamer " Blosse Lynch " amounted
on the average to Es. 871 for the journey between Baghdad and
The attitude of the Persian Government, by whom the epidemic was Persian
ignored until the spring of 1876, was different. In March the Governor- saD ^ ni, J
General of Fars directed that vessels from Turkish ''Iraq should be care-
fully inspected at Bushehr and that the advice of the British Political
Resident should be followed in regard to the precautions necessary;
these instructions were in accordance with an established custom by
which, from 1864 if not from an earlier period, the sanitary control of
the port of Bushehr had been practically vested in the British Political
Resident. In April the Persian Government added a request for the assist
ance of all the British agents and vessels in the Gulf in maintaining quar
antine by gea. In May the Persian Government established a quarantine
station on 'Abbadan island, opposite to Muhammareh town and were
anxious that all ships leaving the Shatt-aVArab for Persia should be
detained there for fifteen days; but this arrangement does not appear
to have been rigidly carried into effect. In June a Persian Sanitary
Commission was created at Tehran, which assumed charge of affairs and
immediately imposed a fifteen days' quarantine by sea and land against
arrivals from Turkey; and a steamer was sent by the Government of
India to assist in the enforcement of quarantine at Bushehr, where
Dr. Wall, the British Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Surgeon, controlled operations. With
the temporary subsidence of the epidemic all restrictions were removed
m the autumn of 1876, but they were reimposed in 1877, in which
year preventive posts were established in Persia at Qasr-i-Shirin and
Muhammareh and between 'Amarah and Shushtar,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2533] (1050/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 June 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;2533] (1050/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image