'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession' [104v] (225/470)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1934-24 Mar 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
In Vol II on page 1367, Mr. Lorimer describes Khor-ahOdaid as " an inlet or
creek on the coast of the Abu Dhabi principality as its extreme western end. It lies
about 180 miles almost due west from the town of Abu Dhabi. The boundary of
Qatar is either at, or a short distance to, the north of the inlet.
In Vol. II, pages 88-89, Mr. Lorimer describes Aqal as ''a small littoral district
at the base of the Qatar peninsula upon the east side ; it is bounded b}" Khor-al-Odaid
on the north-west and by Dohat-an-Nakholah on the south-east, the distance between j .y
which in a direct line is nearly 35 miles. Inland the depth of the district is on an ! ^ ■
average about 20 miles." [N.B.—Nathal (Sandah) in Aqal is 20 to 25 miles inland,
westward, from the foot of Khor-al-Odaid.J " On the landward side Aqal is enclosed
by Mijan on the east, the Jafurah desert on the south and south-west, and by Qatar r
on the north-west. . . . The Bedouins do not regard Aqal as geographically included ' :
in Oman, which in their view is terminated on the west by the Sabakhat Matti; but '
the district has been recognised by the British Government as forming part of the
territories of the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, and must therefore be considered to belong,
in the political sense, to Trucial Oman."
$ ji to
(iv) Aim Dhabi.
In Vol. II, page 405, under " Ahu Dhahi," Mr. Lorimer remarks: "Along the
coast Abu Dhabi reaches from ... to Khor-al-Odaid on the west, a distance of over
200 miles. The Sheikh of Abu Dhabi in 1895 claimed that his frontier extended to
the Bay of Umm-al-Hul, near Wakrah in Qatar, but his claim was not approved by
the Government of India ; Bishairiyah has also been named as the limit of his State
in this direction, but no good reason has been adduced for supposing that Ms
jurisdiction ever extended beyond Khor-al-Odaid, though the northern shore of that
inlet should perhaps be reckoned as included with the inlet itself in his territories.
Inland the frontiers of Abu Dhabi are not defined. It is asserted that on the east
they reach to the Bareimi oasis, but without taking it in, and on the south they may
presumably be placed at the margin of the Ruba-al-Khali." -«3ii
i l desec
(v) Barr-al-Qarah. 1,
Lorimer, II, 14:82. U A coastal tract in East Arabia which may perhaps be
reckoned as included in the Sanjaq of Ilasa [itself, for the purposes of the Anglo- m
Turkish Convention of 1913, included in the Ottoman Sandjak of Nejd]. It reaches '
from Ras-as-Sufairah on the north to the bottom of Dohat-as-Salwa on the south, a ^
distance of about 36 miles ', and inland it extends to a depth of about 12 miles.
Lpon the coast it meets Barr-al-Oqair to the north and Qatar to the south of it; and - 1J
inland, in all directions, it merges in the Jafurah desert. Some authorities wouldf :
even make Barr-al-Qarah a part of Jafurah. ..." f ^
(vi) J a fur ah. ^
Loi imei, II, 892, describes the Jafurah desert as extending the whole way " from
the Hasa Oasis to the confines of Trucial Oman. . . . In shape it is roughly triangular,
with its apex on the north almost touching a line drawn between Hofuf and Uqair
port and its other corners (to the south-west and south-east) adjoining the Oasis of
Jabrin and the southern extremity of Sabakhat Matti respectivel v. . , . On the east
it is separated from the sea " from north to south " by Barr-al-Qarah, Qatar, Aqal and
Mijan ; on the south it is bounded by the Ruba-al Khali. It may be added here that
Jalurah encloses Jabrin upon the north and east and that in the opinion of some
Barr-al-Qarah is a portion of Jafurah desert and not a separate tract.
a ura i c i ers rom the w r aterless Ruba-al-Kliali only in possessing a few wells of
sand 61 a 6 SCanty gazing; its surface consists of red and burning
I™ 0 Tentl,re , mt - 0 1 tlie northern extremity of Jafurah, but the only tribe who
entprincr it co ? lsu era ^ e extei it are the hardy Almorrah and even they avoid
\V g hil^n-/ SS - mW1 fr 0 i r i ln se ' dTC ^ of a re fuge from powerful enemies.
of*their oameL n!id ling ^ i k Alm orrah as a rule drink nothing but the milk
of their camels and even cook their rice in the same ; if compelled to swallow water
About this item
The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain and the Secretary of State for India, on the Qatar oil concession, on the Southern boundary of Qatar and on the role of Ibn Saud in the negotiation.
The volume includes:
- meeting notes, copies of telegrams and letters on Qatar and Kuwait oil concessions;
- note from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. dated 23 Jan 1934 about the Qatar and Hasa Oil concessions and the Kuwait Neutral Zone (ff. 60-63);
- memorandum on the political importance of 'the maintenance of a British position on the Arab littoral of the Gulf' (ff. 71-76) and the need to offer protection to the Sheikh of Qatar in return for an 'undertaking on his part to grant a concession to the Anglo Persian Oil Company (Iraq Petroleum Company);
- correspondence between the British Air Ministry and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. about air facilities in Qatar;
- note referring to a conversation that occurred at the end of 1922 between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes regarding the southern boundaries of Qatar and the political relationship between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (f. 116C);
- memorandum from the meetings occurred on 11-12 Mar 1934 between the Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. re oil concession (ff. 131-140);
- copies of draft Qatar Oil Concession;
- a sketch of Qatar, ink on fabric (f. 212);
- memorandum on the frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff. 196-199).
There is an index at the end of the volume ( folios 211-216).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The papers in this file are arranged in chronological order. There is an index at the end of the volume, on folios 211-216. The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is on top right-hand corner, starting on the first page of writing and finishing on the back cover. The numbering is in pencil, enclosed by a circle and starts with 1, then 115, 116A, 116B, 116C, then carries on until 221, which is the last number given. There is a second pagination on the top right corner, uncircled, starting on folio 22 (numbered 21) to folio 100 (numbered 99) and then from folio 116a (numbered 113) until folio 210 (numbered 207).
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- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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