'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession' [151v] (324/470)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1934-24 Mar 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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P osition of A rea lying between B ase of Q atar P eninsula and B lue L ine of
A nglo -T urkish C onvention of 1913.
10. If, in these circumstances, it is accepted that the southern boundary of Qatar
should be a line running via or to the north of bakak more or less south-east from
Dohat-as-Salwa or a point slightly to the north of Dohat-as-Salwa to a point to the
north of the Khor-al-'Odeid, the difficult question arises of the position of the country
lying between such a line and the blue line of the Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913.
I mportance of M aintaining the B lue L ine.
11, On the one hand, it appears definitely important if possible to maintain the
blue line laid down in the unratified Anglo-Turkish Convention of 1913 as against
Ibn Saud or any other future ruler of this part of Arabia. While the 1913 Convention
was never ratified, the blue line at any rate represents the agreement reached at the
time between Turkey and His Majesty's Government as to the limits of Turkish
authority in northern Arabia and on the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and in dealing with Ibn Saud
as the successor in title to the Turks we can, it would seem, not unreasonably take
our stand on it. The difficulties of finding any satisfactory substitute are patent.
The undesirability of giving Ibn Saud, in the absence of any definite eastern boundary ;»»-
to his territories, an excuse for territorial expansion (as distinct from the exercise, as -jli^
at present, of an informal influence and the receipt from our Arab clients of payments T '
which we do not recognise and the existence of which we ignore) in the hinterland of
the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. and of Muscat is equally clear. Such expansion would clearly
involve a risk either of his coming into conflict with the local rulers, whose treaty
relations with His Majesty's Government he has formally recognised, or of his
establishing an influence in the Sheikhdoms in question so powerful as to be
embarrassing from our point of view.
D isadvantages of M aintenance of the B lue L ine while fixing S outhern B oundary
of Q atar at the B ase of the Q atar P eninsula.
ad 81 '
12. At the same time, important on general grounds, for the reasons given, as
the maintenance of the blue line appears to be, the fact must be faced that in the
present case, if we continue to regard it as the eastern boundary of Ibn Saud's territory,
and if, as suggested, we accept a southern boundary lor Qatar running roughly across
the base of the Qatar Peninsula, a not inconsiderable area lying between the two
btates, and peopled by migratory Bedouin tribes, will be left in an indeterminate
political position. There is a possibility that the Sheikh of Abu Dhabi, who has in
the past exercised a wide influence, and made tribal alliances of his own in the
Crucial hinterland—c/. Sir P. Cox's letter No. 176 of 28th June 1904—might prefer
some claim to such an area. But, though on this point further information will be
sought fiom the Resident, there seems little evidence of any active interest on the
part oi Aim Dhabi in any area to the west of 'Aqal. Assuming that no such claim
exists, or C0ll ld be substantiated, the alternatives are to recognise the area as
belonging to-Ibn Saud; to recognise it as belonging to the Sheikh of Qatar; or to
regard it as a political no-man's land.
lo. If we recognised it as belonging to Ihn Saud we could, if necessary, call upon
him to keep Bedouin raids into Qatar from it under control. But such recognition
would not merely be inconsistent with the maintenance of the blue line of the 1913
Convention, to the abandonment of which, as stated above, the objections appear to be ^
s long, u ^ou represent a formal acceptance of Saudi sovereignty to the borders -
-or Qatar and Abu Dhabi which might well prove embarrassing. Nt
• Jfi' | If ' 0n the ? the r it is attributed to the Sheikh of Qatar, we should be Hki(
"t f " 11 t co - 0 P eratl0n of the Sheikh in dealing with Bedouin
i l imits But such an attribution would not merely give lo Qatar
1,1 the P-'. appear to have claimed, but woi,Id
with the orant of an ml ^ 1 1 01 P 1 ! 0 ^ 60 ^ 11 which we may undertake in connection
an rate fts coastal ^ be nece ^ry to claim the area (or at
anj late its coastal strip) for Qatar if there were serious signs of foreign interest
in it or of an intention on the part of Ibn Saud to occupyT But 3inf such
developments it seems wiser to limit our commitments and to avoid anv extension of
the area recognised by us as Qatar. y extension ui
About this item
The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain and the Secretary of State for India, on the Qatar oil concession, on the Southern boundary of Qatar and on the role of Ibn Saud in the negotiation.
The volume includes:
- meeting notes, copies of telegrams and letters on Qatar and Kuwait oil concessions;
- note from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. dated 23 Jan 1934 about the Qatar and Hasa Oil concessions and the Kuwait Neutral Zone (ff. 60-63);
- memorandum on the political importance of 'the maintenance of a British position on the Arab littoral of the Gulf' (ff. 71-76) and the need to offer protection to the Sheikh of Qatar in return for an 'undertaking on his part to grant a concession to the Anglo Persian Oil Company (Iraq Petroleum Company);
- correspondence between the British Air Ministry and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. about air facilities in Qatar;
- note referring to a conversation that occurred at the end of 1922 between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes regarding the southern boundaries of Qatar and the political relationship between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (f. 116C);
- memorandum from the meetings occurred on 11-12 Mar 1934 between the Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. re oil concession (ff. 131-140);
- copies of draft Qatar Oil Concession;
- a sketch of Qatar, ink on fabric (f. 212);
- memorandum on the frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff. 196-199).
There is an index at the end of the volume ( folios 211-216).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The papers in this file are arranged in chronological order. There is an index at the end of the volume, on folios 211-216. The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is on top right-hand corner, starting on the first page of writing and finishing on the back cover. The numbering is in pencil, enclosed by a circle and starts with 1, then 115, 116A, 116B, 116C, then carries on until 221, which is the last number given. There is a second pagination on the top right corner, uncircled, starting on folio 22 (numbered 21) to folio 100 (numbered 99) and then from folio 116a (numbered 113) until folio 210 (numbered 207).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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- 'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1r:36r, 36r:45v, 46v, 47v:61r, 61r:63r, 63r:74r, 74r:115v, 116ar:116cv, 117r:120v, 121v:154v, 155ar:155bv, 156r:159r, 159r:169v, 181v:183r, 183r:184r, 184r:196r, 196r:198r, 198r:211v, 213r:220v, back-i
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