'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession' [152v] (326/470)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1934-24 Mar 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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T he Baeb-al- Q abah D istrict.
18 The importance of this district for the present purpose is first that it embraces
the coastal strip lying between the blue line and the pre-war western extremity of
Qatar and secondly that it appears to correspond fairly closely, if not exactly, with
the triangle of land' lying to the east of the blue line, which falls withm the area left
to the west of the rough line indicted to Ibn Saud and Major Holmes by Sir P. Cox
in 11)22 (see paragraph 6 above). Mr. Philby, with the assistance of recommendations
and guides furnished by Ibn Jiluwi, the Saudi Governor of Hasa, travelled through
a portion of it in 1932. The impression left by his "Empty Quarter" is that the
dominant political influence at the present day are the Saudi Government and the
Ikliwan. Details of the Barr-al-Qarah district are given in the extract from Lorimer
reproduced as item I (v) in the Appendix to this Note. As will ^ be seen, Lorimer
considered that it "might perhaps be reckoned as included in the Sanjaq of Hasa"—
in other words, in the pre-war Ottoman Sandjaq of Nejd. On this assumption the
boundaries of Nejd in the 1913 Convention might well have been fixed so as to
include it, with the result that the limits of Nejd would have touched the pre-war
limits of Qatar on the coastline at the head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay, the hinterland
(actually the Jafurah Desert) being left in indeterminate ownership. For whatever
reason (and it must be assumed that substantial justification was produced to persuade
the Turks to relinquish their position in the Barr-al-Qarah) the line was in fact fixed
farther to the west. But the history of the Barr-al-Qarah, and the fact that the
1913 Convention had never been ratified, may well have been the reasons which led
Sir P. Cox in 1922 to fix the limits of Hasa at a point which included in it the
Barr-al-Qarah rather than at the blue line of the 1913 Convention,
19. In the light of the examination of the position given above, and subject to the
observations of the Government of India and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. , the best course
would appear to be the following :—
(a) Boundaries of Qatar. —To agree that the boundaries of Qatar shall be accepted
as being on the north, east and west, the sea ; on the south, a line running
across the base of the Peninsula from a point not south of the latitude of the
head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay to a point not south of the north side of the
Khor-al-Odeid inlet. Ihe line indicated on the I.P.C. map would satisfy
these criteria, and if it is confirmed that it is the line at present claimed by
the Sheikh of Qatar it could be accepted. A slight modification to bring
the line some 12 miles south to the head of Dohat-as-Salwa Bay, and so to
reduce the area of sea coast in indeterminate ownership, could be considered
(h) The hlue line of the 1913 Convention, to be maintained as against Ibn Saud,
for the reasons given in paragraph 11 above, as the eastern boundary of
(c) If a- claim is advanced by Ibn Saud to the Barr-al-Qarah on the ground of the
line indicated by Sir Percy Cox in the Oqair conversations in 1922,* referred
to in pai agraph 6, that His Majesty's Government should either—
(i) concede the claim, on the ground, if necessary, that they regarded
themselves as committed by the informal conversations of 1922, but
^ ithout piejudice to the maintenance in principle of the blue line, and in
return for a formal recognition by Ibn Saud of the validity of this line.
e attribution to Ibn Saud of the Barr-al-Qarah area, undesirable as it
nmy be on other grounds, would have the advantage of leaving no gap of
i^ftermmate territory bordering on the sea coast, for we can without
aimculty, as suggested in (a) above, recognise the frontiers of Qatar as
beginnmg at Dohat-as-Salwa, i.e. at the point at which the Barr-al -Qarah
^ as ^bought preferable to make no concession in respect of
-ifK).-) 3 !1 -i • ^ f 11 ar S ue that informal discussions such as those of
w ic ad never been confirmed in writing or been the subject
of formal agreement, had no binding effect, and that His Majesty's
tW I k r y Stand ou the 1,11,6 line - Pla y mi g ht be made with
sim nf at . th , e h ) ne 1 draw ? b y Sir Percy Cox would, in fact, deprive Ibir
side oftL to?Hne ^ ^ betWeen D i an - ed - D »^an and the western,
* Cp. on this point paragraph 5 of the Note reprodnoed as Appendix IV to this Memorandum.
About this item
The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain and the Secretary of State for India, on the Qatar oil concession, on the Southern boundary of Qatar and on the role of Ibn Saud in the negotiation.
The volume includes:
- meeting notes, copies of telegrams and letters on Qatar and Kuwait oil concessions;
- note from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. dated 23 Jan 1934 about the Qatar and Hasa Oil concessions and the Kuwait Neutral Zone (ff. 60-63);
- memorandum on the political importance of 'the maintenance of a British position on the Arab littoral of the Gulf' (ff. 71-76) and the need to offer protection to the Sheikh of Qatar in return for an 'undertaking on his part to grant a concession to the Anglo Persian Oil Company (Iraq Petroleum Company);
- correspondence between the British Air Ministry and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. about air facilities in Qatar;
- note referring to a conversation that occurred at the end of 1922 between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes regarding the southern boundaries of Qatar and the political relationship between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (f. 116C);
- memorandum from the meetings occurred on 11-12 Mar 1934 between the Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. re oil concession (ff. 131-140);
- copies of draft Qatar Oil Concession;
- a sketch of Qatar, ink on fabric (f. 212);
- memorandum on the frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff. 196-199).
There is an index at the end of the volume ( folios 211-216).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The papers in this file are arranged in chronological order. There is an index at the end of the volume, on folios 211-216. The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is on top right-hand corner, starting on the first page of writing and finishing on the back cover. The numbering is in pencil, enclosed by a circle and starts with 1, then 115, 116A, 116B, 116C, then carries on until 221, which is the last number given. There is a second pagination on the top right corner, uncircled, starting on folio 22 (numbered 21) to folio 100 (numbered 99) and then from folio 116a (numbered 113) until folio 210 (numbered 207).
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- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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