'File 10/3 III Qatar Oil Concession' [154r] (329/470)
The record is made up of 1 volume (223 folios). It was created in 27 Jan 1934-24 Mar 1934. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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it; 1 i
" Jafurah differs from the waterless Ruba-al-Kliali only in possessing a few wells ot:
very bitter water and a little scanty grazing; its surface consists of rod and burning
" The Ajman venture into the northern extremity of Jafurah, hut the only tribe who
frequent it to any consideiable extent are the hardy A1 Morrah and even they avoid
entering it unless in v\ int6i 01 m search of a refuge from powerful enemies
. . . While sojourning in Jafurah the A1 Morrah as a rule drink nothing but the milk
of their camels and even cook their rice in the same ; if compelled to swallow water
from the wells they first mix it with dried dates to make it more palatable. The
Wahabis have frequently waged war upon the A1 Morrah, but Faisal alone, if local
tradition is to be believed, succeeded in penetrating with his troops as far as Banaiyan,
and his force was so reduced by the hardships of the desert march that he was
compelled on his arrival there to grant the tribe exceedingly easy terms."
II.—A nglo-Tdrkish Convention of 1913 ( unratified).
"Le Sandjak Ottoman de Nedjd, dont la limite septentrionale est indiquee par la
ligne de demarcation definie a I'article 7 de cette convention, se termine vers le sud
au golfe faisant face a Tile de Zahnounie, qui appartient au dit Sandjak. Une ligne
partant du fond extreme du dit golfe ira directement au Sud jusqu'au Ruba-al-Khali
et separera le Nedjd de la presqu'ile d'El-Katr. Les limites du Nedjd sont indiquees
par une ligne bleue sur la carte annexee a la presente Convention (annexe VA). Le
Gouvernement Imperial Ottoman ayant renonce a toutes ses reclamations concernant
la presqu'ile d'El Katr, il est entendu entre les denx Gouvernements que ladite
presqu'ile sera, comme par le passe, gouvernee par le cheikh Djassim-bin-Sani et par
ses successeurs. Le gouvernement de Sa Majeste Britannique declare qu'il ne
permettra pas an ckeikh de Bahraine de s'immiscer dans les aiiaires interieures d'El
Katr, de porter atteinte a I'autonomie de ce pays, ou de I'annexer."
[The blue line in question runs due south from the head of the bay opposite
Zaknuniyeh Island to the 20th parallel of latitude, where it meets the line of
demarcation between Turkish Arabia and the Aden Protectorate laid down under the
Anglo-Turkish agreement of 3rd June 1914.]
III.— Mr. Philby's Journey of 1932.
Mr. Philby in his crossing of the Ruba-al -Khali in 1932 passed through the
Barr-al-Qarah coastal belt with the assistance of Ibn Jiluwi and the Hasa authorities,
turning south-west at Salwa and proceeding thence to the Jabrin Oasis. 1 he
following extract from his book " The Empty Quarter is of interest, and supplements
the evidence of Mr. Bertram Thomas as recorded in paragraphs 16-18 of the Note
p. 28. " Ali Jahman . . . rode far ahead gossiping about his experiences on
a recent tax collecting expedition to the south-eastern distiicts along the fiontier
of Oman. ... 1 was interested to hear from him that Ibn Sa ud s influence is
felt to-day in all the Dhahira country, as they call the tract westward ot the
Oman Massif, including, of course, Buraimi, a Wahhabi centre of long stanc nig,
and apparently even Ibri. These tax collecting expeditions scarcely perhaps do
more than pay the expenses involved in equipping and sending them out, but
they do tend to spread the gospel of Wahhabi peace and Arabian unity, blow y
but surely the ripples of stable government broaden outwards from the centre
and the Manasir mav be counted to-day as subjects o n au^ , m io as
of them but the acceptance of his sovereignty and the maintenance ol
peace. ..." . • r
PO —The Manasir tribe are concentrated in the Abu Dhabi area, ranging from
Qatar to the Baraimi Oasis.]
IV.—N ote of Discussion with
Sir Percy Cox on 20th February 1934 on Question of
Boundaries of Qatar.
Consequent on the recent investigations i llto ^ebrua^v to
Sir Percy Cox was good enough to come to the In rnnfidential No. 143
discuss the conversations reported in Colonel Dickson b c espa c , ,, . g'j -J
•of 4th July, to have taken place between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes
About this item
The volume contains correspondence between the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in Bushire, the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Bahrain and the Secretary of State for India, on the Qatar oil concession, on the Southern boundary of Qatar and on the role of Ibn Saud in the negotiation.
The volume includes:
- meeting notes, copies of telegrams and letters on Qatar and Kuwait oil concessions;
- note from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Kuwait to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. dated 23 Jan 1934 about the Qatar and Hasa Oil concessions and the Kuwait Neutral Zone (ff. 60-63);
- memorandum on the political importance of 'the maintenance of a British position on the Arab littoral of the Gulf' (ff. 71-76) and the need to offer protection to the Sheikh of Qatar in return for an 'undertaking on his part to grant a concession to the Anglo Persian Oil Company (Iraq Petroleum Company);
- correspondence between the British Air Ministry and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. about air facilities in Qatar;
- note referring to a conversation that occurred at the end of 1922 between Sir Percy, Ibn Saud and Major Holmes regarding the southern boundaries of Qatar and the political relationship between Qatar and Saudi Arabia (f. 116C);
- memorandum from the meetings occurred on 11-12 Mar 1934 between the Sheikh Abdullah bin Qasim al-Thani and the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. re oil concession (ff. 131-140);
- copies of draft Qatar Oil Concession;
- a sketch of Qatar, ink on fabric (f. 212);
- memorandum on the frontiers of Saudi Arabia (ff. 196-199).
There is an index at the end of the volume ( folios 211-216).
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (223 folios)
The papers in this file are arranged in chronological order. There is an index at the end of the volume, on folios 211-216. The index is arranged chronologically and refers to documents within the volume; it gives brief description of the correspondence with a reference number, which refers back to that correspondence in the volume.
- Physical characteristics
The foliation is on top right-hand corner, starting on the first page of writing and finishing on the back cover. The numbering is in pencil, enclosed by a circle and starts with 1, then 115, 116A, 116B, 116C, then carries on until 221, which is the last number given. There is a second pagination on the top right corner, uncircled, starting on folio 22 (numbered 21) to folio 100 (numbered 99) and then from folio 116a (numbered 113) until folio 210 (numbered 207).
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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