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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎149r] (5/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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f Political Letter, No.
30, dated 5tli Feb. 1875,
Enclosure No. 10.
In a further letter, dated 19tb December 1874,f
pointing out the complete falsehood of the Turkish
version of the affray at Zobarah in the previous
August, Colonel Eoss observed " The portion of
u the Nairn tribe residing at Zobarah had not
" either avowed allegiance to Turkey nor been re-
" duced to subjection, so that it is impossible they
" could be in the position of revolted subjects. As
" regards Zobarah, that place has been hitherto
" considered by the Sheikhs of Bahiein, past and
" present, as a dependency of the island, and used
" as a summer residence. Without entering on the
" Bahrein claim, it is at least certain that the
Amongst preventive measures we have hitherto
counted on the assistance of the various local 4rab
Chieftains of the Guttur coast in preventing boats
)emg obtained or seized by marauding or piratically
inclined Arabs, such Chieftains being ffiven to
understand that they will be Wd responsible in
taese matiers for their immediate coast line.
ihe Chiefs in question, including those of El
aa, have always hitherto acknowledged their
lesponsibilities, and it has been customary to deal
with them all direct for such purposes, and to this
no demur has been made in any quarter.
• j " ^ is somewhat peculiarly
situated as regards its political status. The old
Chief, Mahomed bin Thanee, himself uses the Arab
flag, whilst his son, Jasim, has put himself under
1 uikish protection, and a guard of Turkish soldiers
is kept at Bidaa. It has not been declared, how
ever, as far as I can ascertain, that the Turkish
authorities have assumed the government of the
place. It is very probable they are not prepared to
assume responsibility for the maritime proceedings
of the Chiefs or people of Bidaa. At the same
time, Jasim bin Mahomed at all events, if not his
father, is prepared, if pressed, to evade direct re
sponsibility by pleading his being under Turkish
authority. It is therefore now, I think, a matter
for consideration whether the Turkish Government
should not be asked clearly for what portions of the
coast they undertake to be responsible."
To this the Government of India replied (21st
* Political Letter, No. October 1874):—*
Enclosure Xo' 1 ? 01,18 ' 4 ' " ^ le P resen ^ aspect of affairs it is not desirable
that you should have any communications with the
local Turkish officials regarding Bahrein, Any
necessary representations can, under present cir
cumstances, be made with more effect through Her
Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople under in
structions from the Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs Interference in the affairs of Bahrein and
of the Arab Chiefs on the coast should, as far as
practicable, be limited to protecting the legitimate
interests of British subjects, maintaining our treaty
rights, and performing our treaty obligations. When
these are affected it will be proper to take steps to
put matters right; otherwise the less interference
you exercise the better."

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎149r] (5/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x000007> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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