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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎153r] (13/45)

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The record is made up of 1 file (21 folios). It was created in 1 Sep 1879. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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* Letter dated 8th
January 1877, No. 10.
I Political, No. 223,
dated 9th Nov. 1876, En
closure 9.
. 39
El Bidaa mkra, QdeM, and one or two other litflp
ah i' W .!; cli ' 1 0wi ^ n uinber of reefs and
as with which they are surrounded, are almost
inaccessible to vessels of any size. The possession
nlr T C i aSt W ?n ld C0nfer no Vantage whatever
which :;ir } V V t f le f iaclowy supremacy
s ! le 1 ^ Present claims over it, and which is
represented m a concrete form by the petty force
" ? lda f J Ming to cause great injury to
ur interests by interfering with that protectorate
ovei legitimate trade which we have exercised with
such beneficial results for nearly sixty years, and
by exciting a lawless and defiant spirit amon^ the
Arabs of the coast. 0
" I therefore respectfully submit that if in a
spirit of friendly concession the Turkish Govern
ment could be induced to waive their claims to all
that portion of the Arab coast which lies beyond a
point somewhat to the southward of Ojair in the
elbow of the bay of Bahrein, it would be very
advantageous to our interests, and would enable us
to put an immediate stop to the piratical spirit with
which it appears some of the Arab tribes are
beginning to be animated."
The
these
Government
views: there
of India did not concur
were in their opinion
m
HP m meir opinion many
objections to the course proposed, while, on the
other hand, the state of affairs on the Arab coast
did not appear to be sufficiently grave to necessitate
the adoption of so important a measure as formal
recognition of Turkish pretensions up to a certain
point of the coast.
In sending on the papers to the Foreign Office,*
it was stated that the Secretary of State concurred
with the Government of India on the latter point,
as well as in regard to the action which should be
taken in the El Bidaa case.
In the third and fourth cases specified above the
outrages were perpetrated by a section of the Beni
Yas tribe, which some years ago revolted from the
rule of its legitimate Chief, the Sheikh of Aboo-
thabee. In regard to these dissidents Colonel
Prideaux wrote (16th September 1876): —f
" The Chief of Aboothabee, though naturally
incensed at the defection of his tribesmen, has
throughout behaved with praiseworthy moderation
and forbearance ; and although by frequent appeals
to this Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. he continues to assert his claims
upon Odeid, he has never attempted to enforce
them by any act which might be deemed incon
sistent with his treaty obligations.
" I do not doubt that if the question at issue were
simply between the Chief of Aboothabee and his
refractory tribesmen, it might be satisfactorily
arranged without any great difficulty j but it is to
some degree complicated by the fact that the Chief
of Odeid is in possession of a Turkish flag which
he occasionally hoists, and under the protection of
which it is believed that he would voluntarily place
himself if any attempt were made to coerce him.
/
I At

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Content

A memorandum, written by Adolphus Warburton Moore, Assistant Secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , 1 September 1879.

The document is a continuation of ' Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part I)' (IOR/L/PS/18/B19/1) and broadly addresses the same issues, namely, what to do about Turkish claims to sovereignty along the southern coast of the Gulf that could potentially impinge on Britain's treaty commitments with local rulers and their security responsibilities at sea (the suppression of piracy), and whether to come to some kind of comprehensive arrangement with the Ottoman Government to settle the matter. To support this, the document gives a history of recent affairs in the region, making extensive use of correspondence and memoranda mostly written between 1874 and 1879. The principal correspondents are from the Government of India, the Foreign Office, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , and various political and diplomatic offices in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , Turkish Arabia, and Constantinople. The matters covered by the document concern events at Bahrein [Bahrain], Guttur [Qatar] - including Zobarah [Al Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. ], Odeid [al-‘Udaid], and El Bidaa [Doha] - Lahsa [al-Hasa], and the Trucial states.

The memorandum concludes by outlining the position of the Foreign Office, the Government of India, and the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (represented by the author) on the following four matters:

1. The status of Odeid;

2. The need to better define areas of responsibility and jurisdiction with the Porte, and whether to hold them responsible for order along the coast under their authority;

3. A revision of Britain's treaties with Bahrain, the Trucial chiefs, and Muscat;

4. The arrangement of Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. business between the Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the Baghdad Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. .

The author quotes extensively from the correspondence and other sources, notes on which are to be found in the margin throughout.

Extent and format
1 file (21 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 148 and terminates at folio 168, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The main foliation sequence commences at the front cover, and terminates at the back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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'Persian Gulf - Turkish jurisdiction along the Arabian coast (Part II)' [‎153r] (13/45), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B19/2, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023557944.0x00000f> [accessed 12 December 2019]

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