'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (168/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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Before the conclusion of the Ang'lo-Persian agreement^ while the
Governor of Fars was yet on his way from the interior to the coast, the
Persians had be^un to attack Qishm and had lost a large number of men
without making 1 any impression on the fort. On the 22nd of January
1622 the British squadron anchored off Hormuz, in the hope of bring-ing-
about an engagement with the enemy's fleet there, which consisted,
apparently, of 5 galleons and 15 or 20 so-called "frigates;" but the
Portuguese did not accept the challenge. On the 23rd ; assisted by the
Persians, the English began operations against the fort of Qishm, where
Ruy Freire commanded; and on the 1st of February, no help having been
sent from Hormuz, the garrison were obliged to capitulate. Ruy Freire
would have set fire to the fort and died honourably in a sortie, but his
men refused to follow him and began to desert, jumping from the walls.
Only two Englishmen lost their lives in the siege of Qishm ; but one of
these was Master William Baffin, the discoverer of Baffin's Bay, who
acted as pilot to the fleet and was killed on shore in taking ranges with
his instruments for the guidance of the artillery. Seventeen guns and
about 1,000 prisoners were captured, the latter including the Portuguese
Admiral, who was not made over, as he should have been under the
agreement, to the Persians. On the 4th of February the squadron moved
over to Bandar 'Abbas, whence* Ruy Freire and four of his principal
officers were sent as prisoners to Surat: the " Lion " and two " pinnaces "
having been detached on this duty, there remained only four ships and
two pinnaces to carry out the attack on Hormuz.
On the 9th of February 1622 the English squadron took up a position
off Hormuz; and on the next day a large Persian force, landed from a
fleet of 200 native vessels, entered and took possession of the town, almost
without opposition. Operations against the fort were then commenced
from the landward side, but their progress was slow ; and the Portuguese
garrison, notwithstanding scarcity and disease, made a brave and perse
vering defence. On the 24th of February the Portuguese flagship " San
Pedro" was set on fire by the English and destroyed. On the 17th of
March a Persian mine made a practicable breach in a salient angle of the
fort, but the Persian storming party led by Shah Quli Baig, were
repulsed with loss by the defenders. The town was then burned by the
besiegers to prevent the Persian forces from skulking ui it. By the 23rd
of March two more Portuguese vessels had been sunk by the fire of the
English ships ; and one or two others soon shared the same fate. The
* He escaped from the " Lion " at Surat, returned to Hortnuz to find the place
fallen, and then he took himself to Masqat.
Qishm by the
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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