'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (192/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
In 1689 or 1690 the Court of the Company in London, i„ Ending 1689-90
^truot.ons to the Presideney of Bombay, foreshadowed th!
shifting of their policy in India to its ultimate basis of territorial
sovereignty, and made use of these memorable words- "The
^imreaseoE our revenue is the subject of our care, as much as our
Me ; tis that must mamtain our force when twenty accidents mav
mteiTnpt our trade; 'tis that must make us a nation in India
" without that, we are but as a great number of Interlopers, united by
" His Majesty's Royal Charter, fit only to trade where no body of power
" thinks it their interest to prevent us. "
As early at least as 1681 the exclusive rights of the East India Poroation of
ompany had excited the jealousy of other would-be traders to the a New Ea9t
East, and the appearance of interlopers, or private merchants who dis- liny, known"
regarded and violated the Company's monopoly, had been remarked. a ?. t J e " En_
An opinion soon after this became current that the Company's privileges pany in
were invalid, inasmuch as they rested on a royal grant which had not [he Old E it
been confirmed by Parliament, and in 1698 the House of Commons I^ia 'or
passed a resolution affirming the right of all Englishmen to trade to Co^paiTy.
the East Indies and elsewhere unless prohibited by Act of Parliament; 109S •
the immediate result of this pronouncement was an increase in the
interloping trade, which the company by legal and other means
endeavoured, but unsuccessfully, to combat. In 1698 a body of private
merchants, by tendering a loan of £2,000,000 for public purposes, secured
an Act of Parliament under which they were incorporated as the " The
General Society trading to the East Indies and by which the rights
of the Old Company—after this generally described as ^ The London
Company "—were abolished, the abolition to take effect from the 29th
of September 1701. On the 3rd of September 1698 the General
Society received their charter as a corporation, and it was understood
that the individual members would trade separately under the charter
to the amount of the capital possessed by each; * but two days later,
by a second charter, a group comprising the great bulk of the subscribers
to the General Society was incorporated under the name of " The English
Company trading to the East Indies, " and a second organised Company
was thus brought into the field as a rival to the London Company. The
London Company, after taking up stock in the English Company to the
amount of £315,000 as a precaution for the future^ prepared to compete with
them to the uttermost, and a bitter struggle began; the London Company
* In this respect, had no change been made, the New Company would h»ve differed
f'om the Old, which was, as already mentioned in the text, a joint-stock company.
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
- East India Company, the Board of Control, the India Office, or other British Government Department
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