'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (385/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
of sequestrating military pay and civil salaries. The unsatisfactory
character of the local administration throughout the Empire, which in
most respects remained unimproved, was aggravated by these new
The political state of the province of Turkish 'Iraq was at first hardlv
better—it could not possibly have been worse—than it was during the
preceding period. The chief cause of disorder was the same as before,
viz., the obstinacy of Turkish officials in attempting, with insufficient
means of compulsion, to govern the Arab tribes with a high hand. In
1863-64. an ineffectual effort was made to reduce the Muntafik; in 1864-
66 the Khaza'il were coerced with some success; in 1865 the Hamawand
(Kurdish) and ' Anizah (Arab) tribes defied the authority of the Turkish
Government with impunity.
In 1869-72 much better order was temporarily established bv Mid-
hat Pasha, the first" Wali " of Baghdad, and the whole system of local
administration was recast in accordance with a system of reform then
being extensively applied throughout the Ottoman Empire. The improve
ments realised, however, though for the moment there was great activity
in the administration, and though the forms of business introduced
were destined to become permanent, were mostly superficial. They hardlv
outlasted Mid-hat Pasha's tenure of power.
From 1863 onwards the 1 urkish Government possessed steamers on the
rivers of Turkish 'Iraq, and after 1867 these seem to have been worked
chiefly for commercial purposes in imitation of the Euphrates and Tigris
Steam Navigation Company, but under the management of Ottoman
Notwithstanding strenuous opposition on the part of the Turkish autho
rities, the Euphrates and l igris Steam Navigation Company succeeded
about 1864, with the support of the British Government, in increasing
their fleet by the addition of a second steamer. The attitude of the Turkish
Governor of Baghdad towards British interests at this time was uncompro
misingly hostile; it seemed to be prompted largely by a fear that the
British representative might acquire undue influence w T ith the mismanaged
Arab tribes; and it extended to the operations of the British staff
employed on the construction of the Turkish telegraph lines, as well as to
British navigation on the Tigris.
The principle of territorial expansion by which the Turkish Govern-
ment, notwithstanding the precarious state of the Empire, were inspired
was well illustrated by their restless proceedings with regard to Eastern
Arabia. One of its chief exponents was Mid-hat Pasha, the reforming
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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