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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎314] (457/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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814
Endeavours
to enforce
Turkish
authority
over Kuwait,
1896-97.
Decision of
the British
Goyernment
to enter into
relations with
the Shaikh
of Kuwait,
1898.
In 1896 an internal revolution occurred at Kuwait resulting in the
accession of Mubarak, a new Shaikh, to power; the circuinstanceslwere such
as to place bitter enmity between him and some members of his own family
and to render his position at tirst extremely insecure. The attitude of the
Turkish authorities, who regarded Kuwait as a Turkish possession, towards
Mubarak was at first neutral or equivocal ; they acquiesced in, and subse-
qiiently recognised, his usurpation of the chief power, but seemed inclined
to attribute it to British machinations.; and ultimately they endeavoured to
profit by the Shaikh's weakness in order to substitute authoritative control
over him for the indefinite influence which was all that they had previously
wielded at Kuwait. In 1897 a sanitary official representing the Constanti
nople Board of Health was appointed to Kuwait ; and the Shaikh at once
made overtures to the British Government for political protection, but they
were at first repulsed.
The original suspicions of the Porte in regard to the existence of an
understanding between the Shaikh and the British Government were
indeed perfectly without foundation. It was oi^y upon the bliaikhe
addressing them that that Government began to (tebate the possibility and
desirability of entering into relations with him. Up to this time Hei
Majesty's Government, in so far as they had considered the question at
all, had been inclined to regard Kuwait as a dependency of the Tmkish
Empire, and an admission to this effect seems even to have been made by
their Ambassador at Constantinople in 1893 ; but they now found it
necessary to reconsider their impressions in this respect on account, first y,
of some of the Shaikhs' subjects being charged with participation in piiacie-
on the Shatt-al-'Arab and, secondly, of supposed Russian design an
Kuwait in connection w r ith a projected Mediterranean railway, fben
decision was hastened by seeming preparations on the part of the lurks
for military action against Kuwait, the grounds of which were unknown,
and it was decided to obtain from Shaikh Mubarak an Agreement, simi
to that signed by the Sultan of 'Oman in 1891, which would preclutf
any cession of territory by him to a foreign power without British consen -
British naval arrangements, 1894-99-
Revision of In 1895 the arrangement between Her Majesty ; s Government an
arrangements Government of India in regard to the vessels of the Royal Navy p a ^
between the the Admiralty at the disposal of the latter Government was rev is ,
Government 1

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎314] (457/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575943.0x00003a> [accessed 17 October 2018]

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