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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎309r] (48/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and muskat political agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80. 37
(five times daily); the fast and the pilgrimage ; abstinence from spiritu
ous liquor and tobacco; refraining from games of chance and the practice
of magic; condign punishment of prostitution and other social offences,
a s well as of bearing false witness; prohibition of usury and of the
wearing by men of silk or ornaments; forbiddance of the erection of
FMen ..] monumental structures, and demolition
of all such as existed as tending to
idolatry. The last-mentioned precept led to the destruction by the
Wahabees of many monuments and tombs at the various holy places,
notably the tombs of Mohammed, Hossein, &c., at Medina and Kerbela.
On occasion of performing these congenial religious duties, the Wahabee
armies, at the same time, acquired immense booty. The injunctions of
the Koran regarding intolerance of unbelievers, and the duty of making
war on them were also invested with renewed importance.
Exemplifying the proverb, the inhabitants of his native village failed
to honor the teaching of Mohammed-bin-^Abdul Wahab. Some instance
of his severity was resented, and he was dismissed from ^Eiyeynah, and
of | obliged to remove to the neighbouring town of El -Der'eyyah where he
was well received by the Chief Mohammed-bin-Su^ood* who adopted the
tenets of the reformer. The remainder of Mohammed-bin- , Abdul Wa-
hab's life was spent in Der'eyyah where, after marrying twenty wives,
. by whom he had eighteen children, he
[i engm.j died on the 14th of June 1787 A.D.
at the age of ninety-five.
Mohammed-bin-Su'ood,t the first Wahabee Amir, belonged to the
'Anazah tribe which derives from 'Adnan through Eabee'ul-Faris and El-
Asad. The branch of which Mohammed-bin-Su'ood was Chief was the
Mesalikh, an offshoot of the Weled ^Ali. Many of the inhabitants of
El-Der'eyyah, following the lead of the Chief, speedily joined the sect
of Mohammed-bin-'Abdul Wahab, and others flocking from the neigh
bouring districts swelled the number now at the disposal of Moham
med-bin-Su'ood who became the temporal head of the reformed religion,
and according to the sectarians themselves, the head of all Islam.
Guided by the counsels of Mohammed-bin-'Abdul Wahab, and
assisted by bis son 'Abdul 'Azeez, Mohammed-bin-Su ood gradually
established his authority over most of the districts of Nejd, but El-Hasa
under the Benu-Khalid Shaikhs held
[Mengin.] sllccess f u lly against him till his
death in 1765.
The Benu-Khalid had about the year 1669 A.D. established
themselves in the province of El-Ahsa or El-Hasa, under the Shaikhs
* Note .—According to some accounts, Mohammed-bin-Su'ood married one o is
daughters, or gave him a daughter in marriage. Neither is correct, but later, c u zeez,
second Amir, married a daughter of the reformer,
f Al-Su'ood family.
Note .—Therefore of the Ma'adite or Ishmaelite stock of Arabs, called also by Arabian
writers El-Mosta'Ribah, naturalized or institious Arabs. _ ,
The form « bin" for " ibn" is usually written. The latter form is sometimes specially
employed to denote descent from a founder of a family, or celcbuty.
The form Beni is also usual for Benu in naming tribes.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [ Wahhābī A follower of the Islamic reform movement known as Wahhabism; also used to refer to the people and territories ruled by the Al-Saud family. ] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎309r] (48/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000032> [accessed 12 April 2024]

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