Skip to item: of 161
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎314v] (59/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

Transcription

This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

48 ADMINISTRATION REPORT OF THE PERSIAN GULF The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. POLITICAL
In 1843 "'Abdullah-biii-Tbaneyyan-bm-Ibrabim-bin-Thaneyyan-bin-
A D 1842 Su'ood beaded a rising- ag-aiust Khalid,
wbo, with the few remaining- Egyptian
troops, was ejected from Riadb.
In 1843 Feysal-bin-Toorkee having escaped from confinement ap-
A.D. 1843. peared in Nejd and succeeded in re-
Feysai-bin-Toorkee. covering- bis position as Amir. One
of tbe first steps be took was to prepare to send a force under Sa'eed-
bin-Mutlak to reduce 'Oman to obedience. When tbe Chiefs of 'Oman
appealed to tbe British to save them from subjection to the Wababee
Chief, they were informed that the previous policy of opposition to the
progress of tbe Wabhabees in their direction bad reference to extension
of the Egyptian power, and, as that was no longer apprehended, no in
terference was contemplated on their behalf. Feysal having at the same
time made friendly overtures to tbe British Government, they were
responded to in the same spirit. Nevertheless, when Sa'eed-bin-Mutlak,
A.D. 1845. ^ ie ^ enera l an d Agent of the Amir
Feysal, threatened Muskat in the year
1845, he was met by a British naval demonstration on the Batinah Coast.
On this occasion tbe Regent of Muskat engaged to pay a yearly tribute of
5,000 dollars, and on that condition peace was concluded. The fort of
Bereymee continued in the occupation of the Wahabee Agent, a posi
tion from which he could dominate the pirate coast and command the
[Government Selection.] passes to Eastei n Oman. On one occa
sion in 1848 the Chief of the Beni-Yas •
succeeded in ejecting tbe Wahabee garrison from Bereymee, but they
soon recovered it.
Ihe piovmce of El-Hasa was forced to submit to Feysal's authority,
having been reduced by 'Abdullah, the Amir's eldest son, reputed a
brave and skillful commander. In the west Jebel Shammer had
through tbe energy and ability of its Chief 'Abdullah-bin-Rashid been
permanently detached from tbe Wahabee possessions. Feysal himself
had his lesidence at Riadh, which town had been selected as capital by
[Palgrave.] Toorkee-bin-'Abdullah. The Amir at
this period of bis life was infirm and
obese, and suffered also from ophthalmia, which eventually deprived him
of sight.
ben the Chief of Bahrain, Moharamed-bin-Khaleefah, received
the aid of the Wahabee Amir, be bad agreed to pay a yearly tribute
A.D. 1851. ^000 dollars. In the year 1851 a
. . , quarrel arose between the Amir and
the Bahrain Chief, in consequence of which the former appeared in person
in El-Katr, and having detached the tribes of that district from the
Uttoobee cause, threatened to occupy Bahrain Islands. This was pre-
[Government Selection.] vented by tbe appearance on tbe scene
of British vessels of war, and an arrange
ment was come to by which the town of El-Bida'a was restored to the
Bahrain Chief.
In 1852 the Amirs son 'Abdullah advanced to El-Bereymee
a.d. 1852. an( ^ threatened the Batinah Coast. The
British Resident, however, interposed.

About this item

Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [ Wahhābī A follower of the Islamic reform movement known as Wahhabism; also used to refer to the people and territories ruled by the Al-Saud family. ] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎314v] (59/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x00003d> [accessed 21 April 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x00003d">‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [&lrm;314v] (59/161)</a>
<a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x00003d">
	<img src="https://iiif.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000358.0x00021f/IOR_V_23_37_ No 171_0062.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
</a>
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100000000358.0x00021f/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image