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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎319r] (68/161)

The record is made up of 1 volume (80 folios). It was created in 1880. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and muskat political agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80.
57
appendix c to part ii.
Tribes of Nejd.
(!■)
(2.
(3.
(4.)
(5.)
Note 1.
Jidthra.
Jamhur.
Sha 'b.
Kabflah.
Batn (belly).
Fakhiz (thigli).
'Aslnrab.
Fasflah.
Raht.
(6.)
(7.)
(8.)
(9.)
(10.)
According to the old classification
'Adnan stock—Jidthm. ^
Tribes of Ma'add—Jaiuliur.
Nizar—Sha'ab.
Modbar— Kabflab, &c
To express the gradations of classification and division from the
Arab nation collectively to a single
family, the Arab historians employed
ten terms*, which are not capable of
rendering accurately in English equi
valents. The fourth gradation Kabilah
(pi. Kabail) is now taken as describing
the great tribes or clans in each pro
vince of Arabia. The eighth 'Ashirah
(pi. 'Ashair) which was first applied to a
circled: cousins to the fourth remove is now commonly used to describe
the subdivisions of the great tribes, and in the following list the term
" tribe" is supposed to represent " Kabilah" and sub-tribe " Ashirah."
On the great divisions of the Arab race as recognized by Arabian
authorities and the terms employed to
Note 2 ' distinguish them.
All the preserved Arabian genealogies are traced back to one of
two ancestors, either to Kahtan or to 'Adnan. Ma'add was the son
of ; Adnan, so that the term Ma'addite is included in that of 'Adnamte.
'Adn^n being accounted a descendant of Ishmael, this division of Arabian
families is commonly called Isma ; ilite. The Prophet Mohammed be ong-
ed to this stock, and was of the twenty-second generation from Adnan,
whose period is placed at about 300 B.C.
The great rival division consists of the Arabs of Yemen descende(
from Kahtan, and these are designated Yemenite Arabs. Kahtan is
often supposed to be identical with Joktan of Genesis, but the period
of the latter must have been fully 2,000 years B.C., whilst the Arabs
calculate this Kahtan to have lived 400 years before Adnan, or in J3.U
700, leaving a discrepancy of 1,300 years. Kahtan is by some ia ic
historians asserted to be descended from Ishmael. Arabian historians
employ four terms- in classifying the various Arab stocks, and aie
not in accord in the application of those terms. They are .
El-'Arab El-Badiyeh.
„ „ El-Aribeh*
„ El-Mota' Arribeh.
„ El-Mosta'ribeh.
The terms Aribeh and Mota' Arribeh
frequently are taken to indicate the
Kahtanite stock, Mosta ntek being
applied to the Ishmaelites These divi
sions also are sometimes designated re
spectively " pnre" [or " gennine ] and
" naturalized" Arabs. Abul-Feda says,
historians divide the Arabs into three
classes • (1) Badiyeh, (2) 'Aribeh, and
(3) Mosta'ribeh. The first were the
lost tribes of Ad, Thamud, and Jorham the elder, who weie es i J
11
* Also, El'Arab'ul-'Arba.
„ „ -'Aribat and 'Ara-
biyyeh.
Also, El'Arab'ul-'Aribab.
Those wbo spoke tbe language o£
Ya'Arub-ibn-Kabtan. Lane considers
the most probable derivation of Arab
is from an old Hebrew word meaning
"a mixed people," wbicb tbe Arabs
assert themselves to have been almost
from tbe first; and in favour of tbis
derivation, cites tbe fact tbat tbe old
Himyeritic language agrees more in its
vocabulary with the Hebrew and Pbce-
nician than with the modern and clas
sical Arabic.

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Content

Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Muskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1879-80, published by Authority at the Foreign Department Press, India (Calcutta), and forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department (No. 171) and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat. The report is preceded by a copy of a letter sent by Lieutenant-Colonel Edward Charles Ross, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , to A. C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, dated 30 June 1880, which enclosed the submission of the original reports to the Government of India (folios 290-91).

The report is divided up into a number of sections and subsections, as follows:

1. General Report for 1879-80 , prepared by Ross (folios 291-308), which is divided a number of small reports, organised by region, as follows: 1. ’Omán or Muskat State; 2. Pirate Coast; 3. El-Bahrain; 4. Nejd, El-Hasá [Al-Hasa] and El-Katr [Qatar]; 5. Southern Persia; and 6. Bassidore [Bāsa‘īdū]. The reports detail the state of local affairs in each region, including relations between tribes and rulers, disease, incidents of piracy, migrations. The report for Southern Persia contains a separate report for Fars. The report for Bassidore includes reports on: political appointments; royal naval activity, postal affairs; observatory activity; and administration of the trade in mules in Persia. Four appendices follow the report: A. List of Guttur (or El-Katr) [Qatar] ports and names of chiefs and main tribes; B. Terms of a mutual agreement entered into by the Trucial Chiefs of the Oman Coast through the medium of Hajee Abul Kassim, Moonshee, specially deputed on this service, and Hajee Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, Arab coast, dated 24 June 1879; C. tabulated meteorological data from the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Observatory; D. Notes upon the breeding, treatment, etc., of the Persian mule, and upon Persia as a source of supply for mules, written by Lieutenant I MacIvor, Assistant Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

2. A Memoir on Nejd , prepared by Ross (folios 308-21), comprising an outline history of the Wahábees [ Wahhābī A follower of the Islamic reform movement known as Wahhabism; also used to refer to the people and territories ruled by the Al-Saud family. ] of Nejd and the Ál-Su’ood [Āl Sa‘ūd] Amirs, from 1691 to the present day, and a number of appendices: A. Genealogical of the Āl Sa‘ūd; B. List of principal districts and towns of Nejd; C. Tribes of Nejd; D. List of authorities and sources of information availed of in preparing Memoir of Nejd .

3. Report on trade for 1879, prepared by Ross, dated 26 May 1880 (folios 321-56), comprising a summary of the year’s harvest and trade; the Commercial Treaty; customs duty; assistance to vessels in distress; prohibition export of specie exceptions; notice of prohibition of export of produce; mercantile tribunals; protection of British subjects; introduction of industrial machinery and agricultural implements. Three appendices follow: A. Report on the salt caves and mines and the trade in salt in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , written by the Assistant Surgeon, Abder Raheem, Bassidore, 20 March 1880; B. Tabulated list of productions [summer and winter agricultural planting) of Fars; C. Tabulated trade statistics, indicating the quantity and values of imports and exports in the region, lists of goods traded, and nationality and tonnage of trading vessels.

4. Administration report of the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Muskat, for the year 1879-80 , prepared by Major Charles Grant, His Britannic Majesty’s Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. and Consul, Muscat (folios 357-65), comprising: an overview of the political situation in Muscat, changes in British personnel at the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. ; the slave trade; marine events; and trade. An appendix of tabulated trade statistics follows the report, detailing nationality and tonnage of vessels visiting Muscat, and lists of imports and exports.

Extent and format
1 volume (80 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and sections, with tabulated statistical data directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folios 288-89), which refers to the report’s internal pagination sequence.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: There is a foliation sequence, which is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio, on number 285 and ends on the last folio, on number 364.

Pagination: The volume contains an original typed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Report on the administration of the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Muskat Political Agency for the year 1879-80’ [‎319r] (68/161), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/37, No 171, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023580190.0x000046> [accessed 14 April 2024]

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