كتاب أقليدس في الثقل والخفة وقياس الأجرام بعضها إلى بعض Kitāb Uqlīdas fī al-thiqal wa-al-khiffah wa-qiyās al-ajrām ba‘ḍihā ilá ba‘ḍ Euclid أقليدس

IO Islamic 923, ff 98v-101r

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The record is made up of ff. 98v-101r. It was created in 1198. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Oriental Manuscripts.

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A work on the principles of specific gravity probably falsely attributed to the mathematician Euclid of Alexandria (Εὐκλείδης; أقليدس; fl. 300 BC). The translation, presumabely from the Greek now lost, is said to have been corrected by Thābit ibn Qurrah (ثابت ابن قرة; d. 901; f. 98v, line 3, transcribed below). Two fragmentary Latin translations of roughly the first half of this treatise (up to about the end of f. 99v) exists under the title De ponderoso (or gravi ) et levi et de comparatione corporum ad invicem , and was first published under the title De levi et ponderoso ( Euclidis elementorum geometricorum lib. XV ... , Bartholomeo Zamberto, ed. et trans., 1537, pp. 585-86; Euclidis qu æ supersunt omnia , David Gregory, ed. and trans., 1703, pp. 685-86; and for a comparason of the two Latin translations see Maximilian Curtze, 'Zwei Beiträge zur Geschichte der Physik im Mittelalter', 1900, pp. 51-54).

This copy lacks the diagrams.

Begins (f. 98v, lines 2):

كتاب أقليدس في الثقل والخفة وقياس الأجرام بعضها إلى بعض

إصلاح ثابت بن قرة الحراني الأجرام المتساوية في العظم هي التي تملأ

أمكنة متساوية والتي تملأ أمكنة مختلفة يقال لها المختلفة في العظم ...

Ends (f. 101r, lines 8-11):

... فإنّ قوّة ر أعظم من قوّة أ ح والأجرام المتساوية

العظم إذا اختلفت بالقياس إلى الجو الواحد وإلى الماء الواحد

وشدها كثافة أعظمها قوّة فإن جرم وأشد كثافة من جميع

أ ب وذلك ما أردنا أن نبيّن

Extent and format
ff. 98v-101r
Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
Type
Manuscript item

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Oriental Manuscripts
Access conditions

Unrestricted

Archive reference
IO Islamic 923, ff 98v-101r

History of this record

Date(s)
1198 (AH, Hijri qamari)

Related material

Select Bibliography

Editions of Latin translation:

  • Curtze, Maximilian, 'Zwei Beiträge zur Geschichte der Physik im Mittelalter', Bibliotheca Mathematica. Zeitschrift für Geschichte der mathematischen Wissenschaften, 1 (1900), 51-54
  • Euclid, De levi et ponderoso, in Euclidis elementorum geometricorum lib. XV... , Bartholomeo Zamberto, ed. et trans., (Basel: Apud J. Hervagium, 1537), pp. 585-86
  • Euclid, De levi et ponderoso fragmentum, in Εὐκλείδου τὰ σωζόμενα. Euclidis qu æ supersunt omnia , David Gregory, ed. and trans. (Oxoford: E Theatro Sheldoniano, 1703), pp. 685-86

Edition and English translation of Latin translation:

  • Moody, Ernest A. and Clagett, Marshall, The Medieval Science of Weights (Scientia de Ponderibus). Treatises Ascribed to Euclid, Archimedes, Thabit ibn Qurra, Jordanus de Nemore and Blasius of Parma , (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1952), pp. 21-31

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كتاب أقليدس في الثقل والخفة وقياس الأجرام بعضها إلى بعض Kitāb Uqlīdas fī al-thiqal wa-al-khiffah wa-qiyās al-ajrām ba‘ḍihā ilá ba‘ḍ Euclid أقليدس, British Library: Oriental Manuscripts, IO Islamic 923, ff 98v-101r, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023602345.0x000006> [accessed 19 February 2020]

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