Letter from Brigadier-General Arthur Wigram Money, General Headquarters, India Expeditionary Force "D", Basrah [Basra] to the Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department, India Office [28v] (2/4)
The record is made up of 1 file (2 folios). It was created in 22 Jan 1916. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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(') To sunniiarise, the Shutt-ui-llai cjills loi conlrc)! by military iorce.
\iid a column should operate down Irom Kut to Nasiriyah as scon as may
be convenient, after the relief of Kut.
7. Working upstream from Quruah, the important clans of tlie A1 bu
Muhammad marsh Arabs between Qnrnah and Amarah have shown no
si^ns ol unrest whatever during the last six months. 1 revenue business
has been ])roceeding in a normal way.
8. From Amarah up to the present scene of hostilities the situation is
equally satisfactory. Our former enemy (ihadhban of the Hani Lam has
twice recently provided us with camels, and his attitude lias continued
satisfactory. To avoid inter-tribal disturbance he has lately been ordered
to proceed East of the Dawairij River, ami he has lately written a con
gratulatory letter dated 11th on hearing of the British success at
1'pstream of Kut are the two big tribes of Zubaid and Shammar
Toqah Arabs. Our opportunities between the battles of Kut and Ctesiphon
♦ A proportion of both dwell above any Were UX) lew t0 a ^ (nv 1,s l() Properly
point we have reached and were at the ingratiate Ourselves with the lower
mercy of the Turks. . - .•. ± , .
sections•' ot these tribes (though a good
beginning was made) and it is therefore too much to expect them to have
remained aloof from Turkish influence during recent events.
Ml. 1 he Chaab, Hawi, and other tribes subject to our staunch ally, the
Sheikh ol Muhammareh, are all quiet, and affairs arc satisfactory in that
II. As regards the oil lields, pro-lJerman influencest are undoubtedly
+ u i , . . ,, constantIv active among the Hakhtiaris
T oaseii on Ispahan and Ham Hormuz,
but have been unsuccessful sod'ar, and
ihere appears to be no present reason to fear any change in this situation.
1 he demeanour oi their Khans in Feheran has lately been very satisfactory
<mt ' ' 11 absence ol any specilic set-back to the Allies no difficulty is
contemplated by ilis Majesty's Minister in getting them to countersign any
agieement arrived at between the British and . the Bakhti aris ia the Oil
1 ields Aiea. I his is now under negotiation, though an interruption has
jnst o( ( niled thtough the rumoured departure of the Khans to Behbelian
until March. Hie Chiel Political Officer, however, is disinclined to impute
a sinist. i motive to this movement, pending further knowledge of their
reasons lor it, information regarding which is expected from Dr. Vonng
11'. Die \\ r ali of Pusht-i-Kuh has been another object of pro -Germqii
lll,Me ' 111 ' '' e a vacillating and unsatisfactory character, but, though
suspected of having coquetted with German emissaries, the influence of
^on and ol Ins subjects have so lar prevented his siding with the lurks.
'' ll ^ ^' ( ' ' "I't'eal Officer is endeavouring to maintain touch with hiiu
through the Political Officer Ainarah.
About this item
The confidential letter reports on the tribal situation in Mesopotamia [Iraq], describing the various tribes located in the different listed geographic areas and noting whether they were friendly or hostile to British forces. The sections in the letter include:
- General - reporting on the check received by the British force at Ctesiphon, 22 November 1915, which had temporarily changed the progress of their advance, but that it had not appeared to have changed the tribes attitudes towards them;
- Euphrates Line, reporting on the tribes of the Nasirayah [al-Nāsirīyah] neighbourhood and of Ajaimi [al-‘Ajamī] of the Muntafik [al-Muntafiq] who was in the Samawa [al-Samāwah] neighbourhood;
- Shatt-al-Hai [Shaṭṭ al-Gharrāf], reporting that Khayun-el-Obeid, the Chief of Al Abudah had been stirred up by Turkish officers and had now abandoned his allegiance to Britain, detailing which other chiefs in the area were likely to follow him, and reporting on the Bani Rubiah who were now actively hostile towards them;
- Tigris Line, reporting that good relations had continued with some of the tribes along river, with the exception of the Zubaid [al-Zubayd] and Shammar Toqah Arabs as there had not been sufficient time to develop British relations with them;
- Karun [Kārūn], reporting that there were tribes in the area loyal to the Shaikh of Muhammareh (Shaikh Khaz‘al bin Jābir al-Ka‘bī) [Muhammarah, now Khorramshahr] , an ally of the British, and that Germany had attempted to gain influence around the oil-fields in the area, but had not succeeded;
- Persia, discussing the British-Persian alliance which was under negotiation, and the fact that the British would have sufficient warning should any force move towards Bushire;
- Arabia, reporting on the conclusion of a treaty with Ibn Saʻūd and relations with the new Shaikh of Kuwait (Jābir bin Mubārak Āl Sabāh).
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Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 28 and terminates at folio 29, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in the volume; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence.
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Letter from Brigadier-General Arthur Wigram Money, General Headquarters, India Expeditionary Force "D", Basrah [Basra] to the Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department, India Office [28v] (2/4), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B226, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/universal-viewer/81055/vdc_100023608697.0x000003> [accessed 17 November 2019]
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- Letter from Brigadier-General Arthur Wigram Money, General Headquarters, India Expeditionary Force "D", Basrah [Basra] to the Secretary to the Government of India, Foreign and Political Department, India Office
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