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'Memorandum on British Commitments (during the War) to the Gulf Chiefs' [‎147r] (9/14)

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The record is made up of 1 file (7 folios). It was created in 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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po2ible'" t0 00n8ider them a g ain Iater 'o accept them at as early a date as
the r!^nt'i«Hnl S fiv tl' Cox '® '"structioiiB, the Resident at Koweit was unable to carry
" b " *«"» 2M " <*•*
Dositiln''is C 'mm'| ler ' lh t'V' l l k 6 f S . heik ' 1 ' 8 rem arks given above, and the fact that the
ment of India , t 7 hirn, I am disposed to recommend that the Govern-
Rn'tUI, J be pleased to accept the explanation of his inability to admit
of the d^rif. 0 d r ,m T ^ tl :; e P resent ' and to . n eg<"iate the remamder
the clauaps irniH 'I'l 0 "'ll 'k , "" ] '' rstHn ' lln g that a subsidiary agreement regarding
AMnul ZlZwA l W i f T, ® subse q u ently. I am convinced that Sheikh
enter and I 1 I "{l ? •" ( '"o a g e u i ents into which he is now prepared to
will inorPiiK u • )e 'r ia experience of our encouragement and support
«ill increase his reliance on us, which is really all that is necessary.
. _ , 18 possible that, should we decline to treat with him without these
fa crZdprJ % f ultimately agree to their inclusion under protest, but, unless it
or a Rr (fk that there is any urgency in regard either to the admission of traders,
a British agent, or both, the acceptance for the present of the Sheikh's explan
ations will pay us best in the long run, as it will, in my opinion, be more likely to
win his confidence and regard. ^ r » j
''I am averse, generally speaking, from coercive measures with Arab chiefs,
except in cases of obvious breaches of engagements."
r,rn, v S 0 i r /^ COX '^ l , a rep0rt date( | the mh A P ril > 1916 ' to the Government of India,
proposed to meet the case in another way :—
" I would recommend another attempt to get the treaty signed without alter
ation, in order to keep it in line with those in force in the case of the other Sheikhs
in tieaty with us, but I think we might give Sheikh Abdullah a separate letter at
the same time, explaining that it was important to have the treaty worded on the
same lines as others, but assuring him that we have no intention at present of
pressing for fulfilment of articles 4, 5, and 8. As long as our right in each
o t lese respects is clearly enunciated, I think we can afford to reserve them for
le present or t le reason that, if trade and harbour facilities progress at Bahrein,
a^ ey are oing, the trade tor the greater part of the Katar peninsula will depend
upon Bahrein, when we shall have practical control over it.
. ^ ^ r ticle 6 ot the general treaty, I am of opinion that it would be
est tor bheikh Abdullah to sign the treaty as a whole, but with the reservation
above the signature in regard to the above article that he does not subscribe to
article 6.
/^.^ e /7! Cer0 ^ m a te ^ e g ram to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. dated the 2nd June, 1916
(107294/16). suggested that Sheikh Abdullah's objections should be acceded to if
necessary:—
Articles to which Sheikh takes exception are of no great importance at
present tnne, and by accepting remaining articles Sheikh undertakes to do
practically all that we immediately require. We therefore propose to authorise
Cox to negotiate treaty on lines acceptable to Sheikh, should he find any difficulty
m securing Sheikh s acceptance of articles to which he now objects. We consider
it more important to secure a reasonably satisfactory treaty than run the risk of a
breakdown of negotiations by insisting on conclusion of a treaty on all fours with
other trucial treaties. Kindly telegraph your approval."
This suggestion was approved by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. (125270/16), with the con
currence of the Foreign Office (120978/16), in a telegram dated the 27th June, 1916.
Accordmgly the Government of India telegraphed to Sir P. Cox on the 29th June,
1 16 (164214/16), that he should resume negotiations with Sheikh Abdullah on the
suggested lines, with the special instruction that article 3 of the draft, providing for
the importation of arms, should be framed more strictly.
Sir P. Cox proceeded in due course to Katar and carried the negotiations to a
a^ UC | l k S1 V le treaty, as it was eventually signed by him and
oheikh Abdullah at A1 Bidaa on the 3rd November, 1916, is printed in Appendix A to
[972] j)

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This is a printed memorandum by the Political Intelligence Department of the Foreign Office concerning British commitments during the First World War to autonomous or independent Arab rulers of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , including the Sultan of Maskat [Muscat], the Trucial Chiefs of Oman (that is, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah, Dubai, Ra's al-Khaymah, Ajman, etc.), and the Sheikhs of Katar [Qatar], Bahrein [Bahrain], Koweit [Kuwait] and Mohammerah [Muḥammarah / Khorramshahr]. The memorandum includes the following sections: 'Collective Assurances'; 'Assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah' [Khaz‘al bin Jābir al-Ka‘bī]; 'Assurances to the Sheikh of Koweit' [Mubārak bin Ṣabāḥ Āl Ṣabāḥ, Jābir bin Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ from 1915 to 1917, and Sālim bin Mubārak Āl Ṣabāḥ from 1917 onwards]; 'Treaty with the Sheikh of Katar' [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī]; and 'Relation of Commitments (during the War) to the Gulf Chiefs to British Disiderata'. References are made in the text and footnotes to various treaties and correspondences. A section of appendices (folios 148v-149v) includes the text of a treaty with the Sheikh of Qatar, dated 3 November 1916; a translation of a letter addressed by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to Sheikh Abdullah [‘Abdullāh bin Jāsim Āl Thānī], dated 3 November 1916; and a proclamation by Sheikh Abdullah regarding the Arms Traffic, dated 6 Moharram [Muḥarram] 1335 [3 November 1916].

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1 file (7 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation for this description commences at folio 143 and terminates at folio 149, as it is part of a larger physical volume; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel between folios 11-158; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled, and can be found in the same position as the main sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'Memorandum on British Commitments (during the War) to the Gulf Chiefs' [‎147r] (9/14), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/18/B301, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023622482.0x00000a> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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