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'‘Aun èr-Rafīq, Grossscherif von Mekka'. Photographer: Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje [‎9r] (1/1)

The record is made up of 1 collotype print. It was created in 1888. It was written in German. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

About this item


Genre/Subject Matter:

This three-quarter length standing portrait, shows ‘Aun al-Rafīq Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. who was the Grand Sharīf of Mecca 1882–1905. He faces right.

He wears a turban and ceremonial robe embroidered richly with flower and foliage motifs as well as a sash held together at the waist.

There are six elaborate stelliform and circular badges on the centre and the left of his robe.

The negative has had hand-work applied, causing the image to take on a soft-shaded paint-like quality. In particular the original background has been substituted while the lower right corner appears to have been etched in the negative.


Printed above image, in ink:


Printed beneath image, in ink:

‘Aun èr-Rafīq, Grossscherif von Mekka (1882– ).’

A circular 'British Museum' blind stamp is located in the lower right corner.

Extent and format
1 collotype print
Physical characteristics


235 x 176 mm


1 collotype print


The print is in good condition though several long scratches extending from the lower right edge to the upper centre are evident.



Written in
German in Latin script
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'‘Aun èr-Rafīq, Grossscherif von Mekka'. Photographer: Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje [‎9r] (1/1), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, 1781.b.6/7, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 March 2024]

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