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'Pilgerin aus Banten'. Photographer: Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje [‎21r-d] (1/1)

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The record is made up of 1 collotype print. It was created in 1884. It was written in German. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

About this item


Genre/Subject Matter:

This full-length seated portrait shows a woman, described as a [Muslim] pilgrim from Banten, the westernmost province on the island of Java. She sits face forward, looking towards the camera.

The woman is dressed in white hijab, which covers her from head to foot. Her head piece is particularly wide and is shaped like an inverse-boat. On her feet she wears embellished slippers and she appears to be holding a printed cloth or handkerchief in her left hand.

The negative has had hand-work applied, causing it to take on a soft-shaded quality in places. In particular, the background has been substituted completely, and the ground to the right of her leg seems to be entirely reinscribed.

Temporal Context:

The photograph was taken between 7 and 17 November 1884, according to Durkje van der Wal in his publication Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje: The First Western Photographer in Mecca, 1884-1885, Amsterdam : Manfred & Hanna Heiting Fund, Rijksmuseum, 2011, p. 36. This attribution is based on unpublished diaries and correspondence in the Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje Archive, University of Leiden Library.


Printed above image, in ink:


Printed beneath image, in ink:

‘Pilgerin aus Banten (Java).’

A circular 'British Museum' blind stamp is located in the right left corner.

Extent and format
1 collotype print
Physical characteristics


139 x 98 mm


1 collotype print


The print is in good condition.



Written in
German in Latin script
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'Pilgerin aus Banten'. Photographer: Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje [‎21r-d] (1/1), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, 1781.b.6/37, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 July 2024]

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