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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎7r] (13/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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D.O. No .c /14. The 5th of January, 1947.
Will you please refer to the correspondence
ending with my Express Letter No.C/1376 dated the 14th
December, 1946?
2. in order to clear the position on the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha.
issue, I have prepared a note summarising the history
of zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the case which has arisen over it. I do
not claim that it contains all points, but it should be
fairly accurate. I hope you may find it of use.
3. With regard to a modus vivendi, the most that can
be hoped for is that the two parties should agree to differ.
As time has passed relations with qatar have become easier,
and although Shaikh Salman misses no opportunity of having
a dig at Qatar, in fact communications are more open. To
negotiate further might add fuel to the fire, and must
involve the fort at Murair over which the Shaikh of Qatar
is likely to prove adamant. Since we did not object to
its construction it would be difficult now to ask him to
abandon it, and£should have to find a quid pro quo which
would be difficult, if not impossible.
4. Only this morning Shaikh Salman was requesting a
settlement of his claim and a reply to his letter dated
the 21st May, 1946, failing that he asked if he might
refer the question to a committee of Arab Rulers. This
was a new move but I replied that the matter was under
action. Whatever may be decided in this case, we shall
always have to face the obsession over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. which domi
nates not only Shaikh Salman but the whole of the Al Khalifah
Neither is the Shaikh of Qatar at all likely to retreat
willingly from the position he has achieved.
The Hon»ble Lt-Col. W.R. Hay, C.S.I., C.I.E.,
political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
Bahrain .

About this item


This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎7r] (13/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 October 2019]

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