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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎21r] (41/322)

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The record is made up of 1 file (161 folios). It was created in 14 Dec 1946-28 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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THE AGENCY An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company.
D.o. No.c/165.
The 8th of February, 1947,
Will you please refer to the correspondence
ending with my demi-official letter No.c/14, dated
the 5th of January, 1947? v.. ^
2. A further point which is now confirmed is that
the Shaikh of Bahrain himself is not acting upon the
terms of the Agreement of 1944. Recently he has for
bidden the export of lorries (3 in number I think) to
Qatar. This is in contravention of the Agreement since
Qatar should be entitled to the benefits of R.E.
3. I tackled the Shaikh on the subject and he
replied that any article for P.C.L. itself would be
subjected to no restrictions, but that for Qatar sub
jects he proposed to maintain an embargo pending a
settlement of the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. dispute. He said that he
regarded the prevention of the export of lorries with
particular importance because it was by means of lorries
that »his people' were attacked at Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. . This is
rather childish, but his whole attitude is impossible
over the present dispute.
,4. Actually the situation in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. itself has
slightly improved for I understand that the Shaikh of
Qatar has sent an official with a representative of the
Shaikh of Bahrain and has publicly told villagers and
nomads in the Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. area that they will be left in
peace and that they may import food from Bahrain free
from payment of dues. The Shaikh of Bahrain has not
admitted this to me because, and I presume that he
prefers to maintain his attitude that all that he does
is right, and all that Abdullah does is wicked.
5. This morning the shaikh attacked me from a new
angle, and pointed out that for old friends like the
A1 Khalifah His Majesty's Government did nothing to assist
in obtaining their rights for them, but for Arabs newly
settled in a territory we did everything. The raising of
the status of the ex-Amir of Trans Jordan to that of King
seemed particularly aggravating and Glubb came in for much
praise as an efficient Adviser. At first I thought that
the Shaikh was striking out towards a revision of his
treaties, but on enquiry I learnt that this was not the
case, and that Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. was being pressed once again.
Nevertheless the point is of interest and shows a working
of the Shaikh's mind.
6. As regards re-export of P.C.L. equipment, I am
discussing the point with Lermitte.
^ i
o*—* —
N i ;
The Hon'ble Lt-Col. W.R. Hay,
C.S.I., C.I.E.,
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ,
/ Lj r s ^

About this item


This file contains correspondence about on-going tensions between Bahrain and Qatar regarding the ownership of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. after the Al Khalifa and Al Thani families had signed an agreement (mediated by the British) in 1944. The correspondence discusses disagreements between Bahrain and Qatar concerning their interpretation of the wording of the 1944 agreement and also the emigration of the Al Bu Rumaih tribe from Bahrain to Qatar (without permission of the ruler of Bahrain, Shaikh Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa).

On folios 8-4, the file contains a summary of all the key events related to the dispute over Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. from 1766 until 1946.

A small sketch map of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. and the surrounding area is contained on folio 117.

Extent and format
1 file (161 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

Formerly a correspondence file bound with treasury tags, the file's pages have been unbound and are now loose.

There are three incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the front cover, on number 1, and runs through to 161, ending on the inside of the back cover of the file.

f.117 is stored in an envelope (f.116).

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 IV Zubarah' [‎21r] (41/322), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/372, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 March 2020]

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