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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎6r] (19/144)

The record is made up of 1 volume (68 folios). It was created in 1901. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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RESIDENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. AND MASKAT POLITICAL AGENCY An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. FOR THE YEAR 1000-!001
. - V . f? rious incident occurred on the 3rd December, wlien Shaikh Salman-
om-Diaij, a cougin of the Chief of Bahrein, and a person of influence in Bah
rein, with his son and nephew and 23 followers, were attacked and murdered by
Bedouins belonging to the Behah section of the Almurrah tribe. The murder
took place on the main land, where the murdered Shaikh with his followers
had gone, in accordance with his usual custom at this time of year, on a huntino-
expedition. The incident was a cause of great concern 'to the Chief of
Bahrein,
It is too early yet to write the history of the struggle which has been in 5. Koweit and
progress during the past few months between Shaikh Mubarak and the Amir Nejd -
of Nejd, and which has thrown this part of Arabia into turmoil. At one
time it seemed not improbable that fortune would favour Shaikh Mubarak,
and that he would succeed in reinstating in Nejd Abdul Rah mac -bin-Fey sal, of
the Saud dynesty, the former rulers of the country. Up till the middle of
March no fighting of any importance had taken place, though it was known
that Shaikh Mubarak had made his way far into the interior. Towards the
end of March, however, reports reached Bushire that Shaikh Mubarak had
experienced a decisive defeat. Details are not yet forthcoming.
I visited Koweit on two occasions during the year, and I had an interview
with Shaikh Mubarak on the first occasion. At the time of my second visit
he was absent from Koweit. H.M.S. Sphinx has also visited the place.
From reports which have reached the Kesidency, affairs in Persian 8. Persian
Arabistan appear to have been quiet during the year. His Boyal Highness the Arabistazi *
Ain-ud-Dowleh, who was Governor-General, proceeded to Tehran about the
end of December to spend " Bamazan " there. He has since been appointed
Governor of Tehran, and is succeeded by His Royal Highness Salar -ed-Dowleh
as Governor-General of Arabistan, Luristan, eto.
Towards the end of May, the Bakhtyaris were building the Dupalan
bridge on the Ispahan road, and three Ispahan Kafilas had arrived at Ahwaz
with almonds and dried fruits for sale, and purchased goods for the return
journey. More caravans were said to be on the way, and a number of pil "Tims
for Meshed travelled by the new route early in June.
His Royal Highness the Moayid-ud-Dowleh was Governor-General of Fars 7. fpt-s and
during the year. The Kowam-ul-Mulk appears to have maintained fairly ""ood Persian Coast,
order among the Nomad tribes.
Nothing of particular interest occurred at Lingah during the year.
At Bandar Abbas, Lieutenant Hunt remained as British Vice-Consul
daring the year. Trade at this port has greatly declined during the year, the
reasons given being that the new trade route from Quetta via Nushki and
Seistan has diverted a good deal of the trade which used to find its way to
Bandar Abbas, and also that Russian imports into Khorassan have increased.
Shaikh Hassan, the Zabit of Kishm, has been removed and was succeeded bv
Shaikh Abdulla.
Mr. AA hitby-Smith, Director, Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Telegraphs, who is in nolitical s, Persian
charge of the Makran Coast, visited the Coast in November last. It had been BaluchistaD <
arranged through Major Sykes, His Britannic Majesty's Consul at Kerman, that
a Persian official should meet him at Charbar to inquire into, and, if possible,
effect a settlement of the numerous outstanding claims of British subjects.
The official left Kerman, but did not go any farther than Bampur, whence ke
returned to Kerman.
Iwelve slaves took refuge in the Bushire Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. during the year, and 9. Slave
were, after the customary correspondence with the Persian anthorities, granted Trade -
their freedom. Three of them were, at their own request, sent to Zanzibar^
and the remainder stayed in Bushire where they were able to find employment.
Three piratical outrages took place within the Gulf during the year, only 10. Piracies
one of which was of a really serious nature, a Bahrein boat which was engaged and di3 ^ ur p !3 '
in pearl-fishing off Ras Tanura, near Katif,. being attacked by robbers from anCeS a S
Darain in Turkish territory, and property of the value of Rs. 3,924 being
carried off. The case was reported t to the Turkish authorities, who arrested
some of the robbers and obtained the restoration of a portion of the stolen
property.

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Administration Report on the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and Maskat [Muscat] Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. for 1900-01, published by the Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing, India, Calcutta [Kolkata], forming part of the Selections from the Records of the Government of India, Foreign Department, and based on reports sent to Government by the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and other Agents in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .

The Administration Report is organised as follows:

1. General Summary , submitted by Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Arnold Kemball, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. (folios 4-10), including reports on: the year’s rainfall, harvest and wheat embargo; the governorship of Bushire; the public peace, including cases of violent incidents; public health, including incidences of smallpox and the plague; currency; customs administration, including the establishment of Belgian customs administration in the Gulf; compensation claims; the death of Queen Victoria; Resident’s tours. The General Summary also includes summaries for towns and regions, chiefly comprising accounts of local politics: Oman and Muscat, including agreement on the location of a French coal shed; Oman Coast; Bahrain, including reports from the Katr [Qatar] peninsula; Koweit [Kuwait] and Nejd, with a report on the fighting taking place between Abdul Rahman bin Feysul el Saood [Ibn Sa‘ūd] and the Emir of Nejd, Ibn Rashīd; Persian Arabistan; Fars and the Persian Coast; Persia Baluchistan. Further reports are included on: the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted by British officials in the region; incidents of piracy; naval movements, chiefly British but also one incidence of a French vessel in the Gulf; changes in British official personnel; and movements and changes in foreign representatives. Appendix A contains meteorological data for the year. Appendix B contains data from dispensary reports.

2. Administration Report of the Muscat Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , 1900-01 , submitted by Captain Percy Zachariah Cox, His Britannic Majesty’s Consul and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Muscat (folios 10-14), including: reports and incidents of a tribal or local political nature at Muscat; events at Dhofar [Z̧ufār], Sohar and Soor [Sur]; a report of the Sultan’s tours; Cox’s tours as Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ; customs administration at Muscat; taxes; a pearling dispute; arms trafficking; a visit to Muscat by the bishop of Lahore; plague; the death of Queen Victoria; naval movements at Muscat, chiefly British also French vessels; the slave trade, including numbers of slaves manumitted at Muscat; and changes in official personnel. An appendix of statistics for dispensary activities, surgical operations, and civil hospital expenditure follows the report.

3. Trade Report of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. for the Year 1900 , submitted by Kemball, in his capacity at His Britannic Majesty’s Acting Consul-General for Fars and Khuzistan (folios 15-45), including summaries of: imports; exports; harvest; the pearl fisheries; the region’s new gum (tragacanth) industry; exchange; currency; specie; mule hire rates; freight and shipping, customs administration; and a more detailed breakdown of imports and exports by specific products. An appendix follows with trade data of the principal imports and exports from various Gulf ports, and number, tonnage and nationality of vessels, for the period 1898 to 1900.

4. Trade Report for Maskat [Muscat] , 1900-01 , submitted by Cox (folios 46-47), is a separate trade report with statistical data for Muscat for 1900, with summaries of key commodities.

5. Report on the Trade and Commerce of Mohammerah [Khorramshahr] and the Kārūn river for 1900 , submitted by William McDouall, His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul, Mohammerah (folios 48-52), including summaries on: exchange; imports and exports; shipping activity; freight charges; activity on the Kārūn; caravan routes; agriculture; and health in Khorramshahr. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data.

6. Trade Report of Bundar Abbas [Bandar-e ʻAbbās] for the Year 1900 , submitted by Vere Hunt, Assistant Resident and His Britannic Majesty’s Vice-Consul (folios 52-59), with summaries on: trade, and reasons for its overall reduction; customs administration; the Nushki trade route and the Bandar-e ʻAbbās to Yezd [Yazd] and Kermān road; embargo on cereals; carriage rates; exchange and specie. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bandar-e ʻAbbās.

7. Report on the Trade and Commerce of the Bahrein Islands for the Year 1900 , submitted by John Calcott Gaskin, Political Assistant, dated 27 January 1901 (folios 59-67), including a summary of trade, with particular focus on the pearl market; details of imports and exports; coinage, freight and shipping. An appendix follows the report, containing tabulated trade data for Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (68 folios)
Arrangement

The report is arranged into a number of parts and subsections, with statistic data in tabular format directly following written sections. There is a contents page at the front of the report (folio 3) which lists the report’s contents, and refers to the report’s own pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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‘Administration report on the Persian Gulf Political Residency and Maskat Political Agency for 1900-1901’ [‎6r] (19/144), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/V/23/79, No 385, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023643550.0x000015> [accessed 23 April 2024]

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