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'File 45/23 I (D 140) Kuwait Reforms' [‎20r] (55/455)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (222 folios). It was created in 4 Apr 1938-19 Sep 1938. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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sucwmm m bagdad ibbpatou
in roweiu ^
'"It pains Imq to behold on her borders an Amb I
territory with an. excellent ^ogmphlml position mui yet in
a teekmrd state, deprive of maiMi or «tl.uot=tlan mi of
and eeommia organlmtlosu Imq# who ia anuble to
conm&l hBr strong tmli&gu, ia mxioas that Um sistar
people of Eoweit shoxxld Jain in the general amkeaing
comment which ha© takea piiioe In tlie mjority of \.reb
countries, in order that th«y smy, through their mtivml |
gifts aikt the favourable position of thoir co'ontry, partieip^te ^
ia the wide field of Arab mivioml aaddavour* ,ny
existing: obstruatlon® and obstacles oan bo overcome h&
persistent endeavour. ©rk towards thl^ ©M will strengthen
noiiLficlanee in the ultimate tsucoess of the at terete &% reform
i^w being mede by the youth of Koweit ,
"The new movmmmt in Kowoit gived pleasure and , E
gratification to every r^rab, baeause it will yield reaiilta - |
Mat beneficial to the inhabitant# of icoweit themaelvee.
Perhapa they realiee tJ-«j happy future smiting tham if the
present mowment is maintained and ia iireoted towmrda
co-operation with .Iraq with whom certain Arab countries are ^
da&iroua of union* t-uch an idea ha© often been in the
Minds of the youth of Koweit and hast been received with &
approbation ami support in Arab quarters, Imq, la In a
position to turn the baekwara principality of Koweit into a

About this item


The volume contains correspondence relating to the formation of a Legislative Council in Kuwait following unrest among its people and criticism of its government in the Iraqi press. Included are newspaper articles, a list of the names of those elected to the Legislative Council of Kuwait (folio 75) and a list of demands made by the Council (folio 76). The main correspondents include: Gerald De Gaury, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait; Trenchard Fowle, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire; Lawrence Dundas, Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office in London; Maurice Peterson, British Ambassador in Iraq; Air Officer Commanding for British Forces in Iraq; Sheikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah [Āl Ṣabāḥ, Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir], ruler of Kuwait; and other Government of India officials.

The correspondence includes:

  • Abdication discussions about Sheikh Ahmad of Kuwait;
  • Overview of the administration and control of justice, education, medical services, municipalities and desert land (folios 83-99);
  • Appointment of a British customs officer in Kuwait;
  • Opposition of the Persian population of Kuwait to the Legislative Council.

There are internal office notes at the back of the volume (folios 207-214), written by officials of the British Political Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. at Bushire.

Extent and format
1 volume (222 folios)

The volume is arranged chronologically. At the beginning (folio 1C) is a subject index, arranged alphabetically. The numbers refer to folio numbers.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the first folio and terminates at the last folio. The folio numbers are written in pencil in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. Circled index numbers in red crayon can also be found throughout the volume. There are the following irregularities: 1, 1A, 1B, 1C and 1D; 30 and 30A. Folio 200 is omitted.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 45/23 I (D 140) Kuwait Reforms' [‎20r] (55/455), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/468, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2023]

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