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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1057] (94/688)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (341 folios). It was created in 1917. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A small settlement, with a fort and some wells of fair water, lying three miles to the
north-west of 'Ain Khuzrah {q. v.), in the Shamlyah desert, Northern Arabia, and 27 or
28 miles from Karbala.
A considerable Arab tribe in 'Iraq: their country stretches approximately from
Kufah to Samawah through the intervening marshes and includes a portion of the
adjoining Shamiyah Desert: the settled members of the tribe are chiefly in the Qadha of
Samawah. The Khaza'il are all Shi'ahs and are divided into Mu'allim, Al Bu Hasan and
Lamlum ; and one of their smaller sections is known as the Bani 'Aridh. They are
a strong and warlike body but not naturally pugnacious. Those who inhabit the desert
are horsemen and are well-mounted: those on the rivers and marshes depend for loco
motion, both in peace and war, upon their mashhufs or canoes. The agricultural parts
of the tribe cultivate rice, barley and wheat; sheep horses and camels also are bred by
the Khaza'il, and a considerable number of them are carriers and camel-dealers. A
large proportion even of the agricultural sections follow the desert life between January
and June. The Khaza'il levy khuwwah from the 'Anizah anl northern Shammar,
towards whom they are not well disposed, when camping in their territory.
The following is a conspectus of the tribe :—
Shall al, al
Salman al Dhahir
On the Shatt Hamidiyah
round Umm al Ba'rur
extending south almost
to Shinafiyah in the Bahr
Shinafiyah. Their head
quarters are pt Abu
Tibn. All cultivators
and sheep owners.
4,000 tents.
Sahan al Sha'lan
Camel owners, their dirah
is from Suhain near the
Shatt al Kar to Rufai'-
ah near Diwaniyah.
4,000 ,,
Muhammad al
'Abtan al Shat-
At Hanrdiyah (Bahr Shin
afiyah near Umm
al Ba'rar) and at
Zamdah above Hami
diyah. Cultivators, and
sheep-owners. The Hum-
aid at the Kurd and the
'Awabid are under
Muhammad al 'Abtan.
The three Shaikhs,
Salman, Sahan and Mu
hammad are all from one
jidd, i .e., cousins.
Note .—The Khazail lands, according to Haji Sa'dlin the emissary of the Shaikhs, are chiefly at Rufal'ah on the
Shatt Hillah, Abu Tibn near Umm al Ba'rur and on the Euphrates between Shlnafiyah and Abu Sukhar
near Najaf. Their fellahin were Ma'dan. Sixteen years ago the Turks seized their properties and con
verted them Into Saniyah putting in the Fallah as cultivators. Fara'un, father of Mubdair, was placed
In charge.
The Shatt Hillah flowed for 2 years after the construction of the Hindivah dam, but at the beginning of
this month (end September 1916) one of the arches of the dam broke and from Hillah down-stream
there is now no water but well water. The Turks have undertaken to repair the dam. If they fail
to do so Sa'dun states that the tribes will break into active revolt. Muhammad Daghistani came to them
at the beginning of the war, distributed money and asked for 2,000 horses, but the Khazail refused to
comaly with this request.
C52(w)GSB 6u

About this item


Volume II of III of the Gazetteer of Arabia. The Gazetteer is alphabetically-arranged and this volume contains entries K through to R.

The Gazetteer is an alphabetically-arranged compendium of the tribes, clans and geographical features (including towns, villages, lakes, mountains and wells) of Arabia that is contained within three seperate bound volumes. The entries range from short descriptions of one or two sentences to longer entries of several pages for places such as Iraq and Yemen.

A brief introduction states that the gazetteer was originally intended to deal with the whole of Arabia, "south of a line drawn from the head of the Gulf of 'Aqabah, through Ma'an, to Abu Kamal on the Euphrates, and to include Baghdad and Basrah Wilayats" and notes that before the gazetteer could be completed its publication was postponed and that therefore the three volumes that now form this file simply contain "as much of the MSS. [manuscript] as was ready at the time". It further notes that the contents have not been checked.

Extent and format
1 volume (341 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: This volume's foliation system is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of Arabia Vol. II' [‎1057] (94/688), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/2/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 April 2020]

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