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'Routes in Arabia' [‎273] (306/852)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (425 folios). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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ROUTE No. 76.
Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Gazetteer, 1908.
There are three principa} routes which conduct from the
coast to the interior of the 'Oman Sultanate, namely one from
Matrah or Sib, by Wadi Samail to 'Oman Proper, which is
central and the most important of all; one on the east from
Sur to Ja'alan by Wadi Falaij; and one on the west from
Sohar to Baraimi by Wadi-al-Jizi. The chief lateral communi
cations in the interior are a line from Ja'alan which traverses
Sharqiyah to 'Oman Proper, connecting the Wadi Falaij and
Wadi Samail route, and two from Baraimi across Dhahirah
into 'Oman Proper, one via Najd-al-Makharim, the other vid
Najd-al-Barak, joining the route from the coast by Wadi-al-
Jizi with that by Wadi Samail. These are all easily passable
for loaded camels and present no difficulties as to water, while
other supplies also are abundant on the Samail route.
Subsidiary routes in Western. Hajar are that xrom Batinah
to Dhahirah by Wadi-al-Hawasinah, and that from Batinah by
Wadi Bani Kharus and over Jabal Akhdhar into Oman
Proper ; the first is passable by camels, the second only by
donkeys. Parallel routes to the interior are said to lie
between these up Wadi Bani Ghafir and Wadi iara , and to bo
practicable for camels, but neither of them has been used in its
entirety by a European traveller.
Minor routes in Eastern Hajar lead from Wadi Samail, or
from Saih Hatat by the Qahza pass, into Wadi Mansah and
thence into Wadi Tayin ; these can be used by camels. ^ Two
other routes, over the 'Amdah and Manqal passes, respectively,
give access from Saih Hatat to Wadi Tayin, but they are more
difficult than those already described. There is also a camel
route down Wadi Tayin from its head to the sea at Daghmar ;
and one or two routes exist between Tayin and bharqlyah, the
best known being that which runs up Wadi Khabbah from
Ghubrat-at-Tam, but their character is not well ascertained.
There is also a route, in favour with natives of the country,
which connects Wadi Samail with Sharqiyah by way of Wadi-
Ja'alan is easily accessible from Khor Jaramah by a route
that crosses Jabal Khamis into Wadi J- alaij.

About this item


This volume contains descriptions of the 'more important of the known routes in Arabia proper' produced by the General Staff in Simla, India. It is divided up as follows:

Part I - Routes in North-Eastern, Eastern, and Southern Arabia.

Part II - Routes in South-Western, Western, and North-Western Arabia.

Part III - Miscellaneous Routes in Mesopotamia.

Appendix A - Information about Routes etc in the Rowanduz District by Abdullah Pasha, Hereditary Chief of Rowanduz and ex-official of the Turkish Government.

Appendix B - Information relating to Navigation etc of the Tigris between Mosul and Baghdad supplied by our Raftsmen.

The volume contains a Glossary of Arabic Terms used in the route descriptions and a map of Arabia with the routes marked on it.

Extent and format
1 volume (425 folios)

Divided into three sections as outlined in the scope and content.

The file contains a contents page that lists all of the routes included on folios 6-13 and uses the original printed pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Condition: A bound, printed volume.

Foliation: The file's foliation sequence commences at the front cover and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Please note that f 424 is housed inside f 425.

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'Routes in Arabia' [‎273] (306/852), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/16/3, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 August 2019]

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