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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎85r] (180/462)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (231 folios). It was created in 21 Jul 1937-14 Nov 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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3. After tiio quarrel with Q.atar, whioh was partly
caused by the Naiiu tribe claiming to be independent of
the authority of the Shaikh of t^attar, the whole of the
Nairn tribe and a number of families belonging to the
other tribes crossed to Bahrain and settled in various
parts of the islands. A few of them moved to Saudi
Arabia, with the approval and permission of His Majesty
King Ibn Saud and the Shaikh of Bahrain because they
wore able to find there better grazing for their flocks.
The detachment of the Nairn tribe who are living on the
mainland are financially supported by the Shaikh of
Bahrain and they purchase their supplies from Bahrain#
They are not subject to taxation in Saudi Arabia. The
leaders of the tribes who came out of Qattar are in
receipt of monthly payments from His Highness Shaikh
Sir Salman on the same scale as were paid by his late
father. While in Q,attar most of the men who regarded
themselves as adherents of the Khalifah signed documents
in which they stated that they were Bahrain subjects.
4. Since these Arabs came to Bahrain they have been
officially regarded as foreigners, except those of them
who happen to have been born here. If they have cases
they appear in the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. or Joint Courts and they are
not at present eligible for employment by the Bahrain
Petroleum Company as all permanent employees before they
are taken on by the Company are required to produce a
certificate of Bahrain nationality.
5. His Highness Shaikh Sir Salmn wishes the Arabs of
those tribes which have come to Bahrain to be officially
accepted as his subjects. Tie feels that his own retainers,
who are paid by him in many cases and who wish to be his

About this item


This file contains correspondence regarding the situation after hostilities that occurred between the Al Naim tribe (supported by Bahrain) and Qatar in Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. in June and July 1937.

The correspondence covers the period immediately following the events and continues for several years until 1946. It contains details of British mediation efforts between the two sides and also includes the text (in English and Arabic) of a reconciliation agreement between the two sides from 1944.

The file also contains a translation of an Arabic-language letter published in the Cairo publication 'Rabitat Al Arabieh' (f. 25). The letter is from a Bahraini and argues that the British had sided with Qatar in the conflict regarding Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. as they were afraid that if under Bahraini control, the concession for oil deposits near the town would be given to an American (as opposed to British) oil company as had been done in Bahrain.

Extent and format
1 volume (231 folios)

File is arranged in chronological order, from earliest at beginning of the file to most recent at end.

Physical characteristics

A bound correspondence volume. There are two incomplete foliation sequences and one complete foliation sequence. The complete sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of each folio. It begins on the title page, on number 1, and runs through to 224, ending on the inside of the back cover of the volume. Anomalies: f.1A; f.126A; f.126B; f.141A; f.141B.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 19/243 III (C 95) Zubarah' [‎85r] (180/462), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/371, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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