'File 61/11 I (D 41) Relations between Nejd and Hejaz' [78r] (168/600)
The record is made up of 1 volume (295 folios). It was created in 19 Apr 1923-6 Nov 1924. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
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61/11 & 61/13.
S'roni Secretary of State for the Colonies.
To Resident, Bushire, Unnumbered.
Repeated Baghdad, 349, Jerusalem, 263, and communicated
to Egypt, India and Jeddah.
Dated and received 13th September 1924.
September 13th. Despatch following message
immediately to Bin Saud, begins:
"His Majesty f s Government have learnt that Taif
has been taken by Arabs described as Wahabis from outside
Hedjaz and that they are said to be advancing on Mecca. His
Majesty^ Government are not aware whether Bin Saud is in any
way a party to these proceedings but they think it necessary
to remind him of Article 5 of his Treaty with them, and to
request him to assure them that British pilgrims and residents
in Hedjaz are free from molestation fsrom any tribes who owe
him allegiance. They take this opportunity of informing
him in the most solemn and formal manner that they attach the
greatest importance to freedom of access to/jtoly Places being
enjoyed by British pilgrims, and that they are confident that
he will neither do nor allow to be done by his followers
anything calculated to prejudice that freedom." Ends.
Secretary of State
for the Colonies.
^rom Resident, Bushire.
Dated 14th September 1924.
Following from Colonies, begins (Text of above
Please arrange immediate despatch of above
message to Bin Saud.
About this item
The volume consists of letters, telegrams, and memoranda relating to relations between Najd and the Hejaz. The majority of the correspondence is between Reader Bullard, the British Agent in Jeddah, the Political Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. in Bushire, the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Bahrain, the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait, the High Commissioner in Baghdad, the Colonial and Foreign Offices, both in London, the High Commissioner in Jerusalem, the Government of India, and Ibn Sa'ud himself, or his representatives.
Most of the volume covers events leading up to, and immediately after, the Ikhwan's capture of Taif, including Hussein ibn 'Ali's abdication and his son 'Ali's attempts to retain control of the Hejaz. There is a detailed report of the capture of Taif by Bullard (folios 186-201, 273-281). The documents reflect British concern with the reaction of Indian Muslims, with duplicates of correspondence regularly forwarded to numerous offices back in India. Some papers are about the effort to evacuate British Indian refugees and pilgrims from the region.
Other subjects covered in the volume are:
- the build-up to and ultimate failure of the Kuwait Conference of 1923-24;
- King Fuad of Egypt's suspected financial backing of Ibn Sa'ud's takeover of the Hejaz;
- the defining of the Hejaz-Trans-Jordan border;
- the motivations and movements of St John Philby and Rosita Forbes, both of whom were thought to be trying to gain entryinto Central Arabia.
Notable in the volume are a newspaper cutting from The Times of Mesopotamia , dated 13 July 1923, regarding treaty negotiations between Britain and King Hussein (folio 4), and extracts of letters from Ameen Rihani to Ibn Sa'ud that had been intercepted by the British and which offer advice on foreign policy.
- Extent and format
- 1 volume (295 folios)
The volume is arranged chronologically. The internal office notes at the back of the volume (renumbered as folios 247-258) include a chronological list of the main contents, together with a simple, running index number from 1 to 111. These index numbers are also written on the front of the documents they refer to, in red or blue crayon and encircled, to help identify and locate them within the volume.
- Physical characteristics
Main foliation sequence: numbers are written in pencil and circled, in the top right corner on the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The numbering, which starts on the front cover of the volume and ends on the inside back cover, is as follows: 1A-1D, 2-262.
Secondary and earlier foliation sequence: the numbers 1 to 322 are written in pencil in the top right corner on the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio, except for the internal office notes at the back of the volume, which are paginated in pencil from 1 to 23. Published copies of four British Government reports at the front of the volume (renumbered as folios 2-63) also have pencilled page numbers written on them.
Condition: broken spine cover.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
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