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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎1] (18/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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Treaties and Engagements
relating to
T HE first European power to enter into relations with Persia was
the Republic of Venice, which sent a successful mission in 1464.
In 1507 the Portuguese under Albuquerque seized the Island of Ormaz.
In 1561 Turkey concluded a treaty with Persia: and in the same year
Sir Anthony Jenkinson visited the court of Shah Tamasp I as the Envoj 7
of Queen Elizabeth, but met with a cold reception.
About forty years later an adventurous Englishman, Sir Anthony
Sherley, visited Persia. Shah Abbas the Great appointed him as his
Envoy to establish an alliance with the Christian monarchs of Europe
for the destruction of the Turks: and gave him a grant* permitting all
Christian merchants to trade freely with Persia. English, French and
Dutch factories were established at Gamrun, the name of 'which was
changed by the Shah to Bandar Abbas. In 1622 the Portuguese were
expelled from Ormaz with the help of the English, then at war with
* English translation of the grant obtained by Sir Anthony Sherley from Shah
Abbas for all Christians to trade in Persia.
Our absolute commaunclement, will, and pleasure is that our countries and
dominions shall be from this day open to all Christian people and to their religion;
and in such sort, that none of ours, of any condition, shall presume to giue them
any euii word. And, becapse of the amitie now ioyned with the princes that
prof esse Christ, I do giue this pattent for all Christian marchants to rapaire and
trafique in and through our dominions without disturbances or molestations of any
duke, prince, gouernor, or captaine, or any, of whatsoeuer office or qualitie, of
ours; but that all merchandize that they shall bring shall be so priuileged that
none of any dignitie or authoritie shall haue power to looke unto it, neyther to
make inquisitions after, or stay, for any use or person, the ualue of one asper,
neyther shall our religious men, of whatsoeuer sort they be, dare disturbe them,
or speake in matters of their faith; neyther shall any of our justices haue power
oner their persons or goodes for any cause or act whatsoeuer.
If by chaunce a marchant shall die, none shall touch any thing that belongeth
unto him but if the merchant haue a companion, he shall haue power to take
possession of those goodes. But if (by any occasion) he be alone, onely with his
seruants. the gouernor or whomsoeuer shall be required by him in his sickness
shall be answerable for all such goodes unto any of his nation which shall come
to requie them. But if he die suddainly, and haue neyther companion nor
seruant, nor time to recommende to any what he woulde haue done, then the

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎1] (18/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 23 August 2019]

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