Skip to item: of 578
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎12] (29/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

affairs tlian had been done in the lifetime of Yar Muhammad. This
interference with their ambitious projects greatly irritated the Persian
Court, who showed their annoyance by a series of vexatious slights which
eventually led to a rupture. In 1854 Mirza Hashim Khan, who had
been discharged from the Shah’s service, was appointed to be agent at
Shiraz for the British mission. The Persian Government objected to the
appointment, and threatened to imprison him if he took up the post.
They next seized and imprisoned his wife. As all redress was persistently
refused, the Envoy at Tehran struck his flag on the 20th November and
withdrew. An official notification was issued by the Persian Govern
ment justifying their proceedings, and making certain insinuations
against the British Envoy. In the meantime Muhammad Yusuf,
grandson of Firoz, one of the brothers of Shah Shuja, had put Saiyid
Muhammad Khan to death, and had applied to the Shah of Persia for
assistance. A force was sent in December 1855, in violation of the
agreement which had been made by the Persian Government. Muham
mad 1 usuf was taken prisoner, and Herat was captured on the 26th
October 1856. Every effort having failed to induce the Persian Govern
ment to adjust the quarrel and to apologize for the insults to the British
mission, a force was despatched from Bombay to occupy the Island of
Karak, and war was formally declared on the 1st November 1856. After
a brief campaign hostilities were terminated by the Treaty of Paris
(No. XT III) concluded on the 4th March 1857. This treaty revived
none of the earlier treaties cancelled by the war except the Convention of
August 1851 for the suppression of slavery in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , which
by the 13th article was renewed till August 1872.
The Legation at Tehran was under the immediate direction of the
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. from 1823 to 1835, and again for one vear from the end of
1858 to the end of 1859.* Since then it has remained under the control
of the British Foreign Office.
During the Crimean War in 1854 Persia remained neutral, although
she was at one time on the point of casting in her lot with Russia, as a
return for which territorial aggrandizement was offered her, as well as
release from the payment of the subsidy which she had to make to Russia
in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty of Turkmanchai. She
stood aloof, however, although at one time Persian troops were massed
on the Turkish frontier.
In 1855 I ersia concluded a <c perpetual ” treatv of friendship and
commerce with France l, under which special extra-territorial privileges
were granted to French subjects in Persia.
rti**TW° rdl Tir t; ° Rawll ? SOn r E ?sland and Russia in the East,” pages 98-99)
t iSS t0 the Tndia ° ffiCe in 1859 and --transferred
+ Appendix No. XI.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎12] (29/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 November 2019]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [&lrm;12] (29/578)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image