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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎44] (61/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA—NOS. 1—1763 AND 11—1788.
Articles desired by the Khan, —1763.
That the English, according to what was formerly customary, shall purchase
from the Persian merchants such goods as will answer for sending to England or
India, provided they and the Persians shall agree on reasonable prices for the
same, and not export from Persia the whole amount of their sales in ready money,
as this will imooverish the kingdom and in the end prejudice trade in general.
That the English, wherever they are settled, shall not maltreat the Mussulmen.
What goods are imported by the English into Persia they shall give the pre
ference in sale of them to the principal merchants and men of credit.
The English shall not give protection to any of the king’s rebellious subjects,
nor carry them out of the kingdom, but deliver any up that may desert to them,
who shall not be punished for the first or second offence.
The English shall at no time, either directly or indirectly, assist the king’s
All our Governors of provinces, sea-ports, and other towns are ordered to pay
strict obedience to these our orders, on pain of incurring our displeasure, and of
being punished for their disobedience or neglect.
Dated in Schyrash, the 23rd of Seerhoja 1176, or the 2nd of July 1763.
No. II.
Translation of a Firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). from Jaffir Khan. —1788.
In the name of the Almighty and Glorious God !
This is exalted Firmana.
After compliments.—And as we are always desirous that the merchants and
(Mas, who have occasion to pass backwards and forwards in our dominions,
should do so in safety, that they should sleep in the cradle of security and confi
dence, and that they should transact all their business, as far as in us lies, without
trouble or vexation—
Therefore the high, exalted Firmana has been issued forth, containing the
strictest mandates to all Governors and Commanders of our towns and castles,
to all our Sirdars, and to all Riotdars, who receive customs on the roads, that they
do show every favour to all persons employed by the English nation in our domi
nions for the purpose of merchandize, whether it be for importation or exportation,
and that they be constantly vigilant in protecting them and moreover that these
our above-mentioned servants, upon no account or pretence whatsoever, require
any customs, presents or money from the Agents of the English nation, but that
it may so happen that from a confidence in us. and from a full persuasion of not
receiving any insult or vexation, they, the English, may be induced to pass back
wards and forwards and to trade in our dominions. And whenever they shall have
disposed of the goods and merchandize which they may import for sale, they shall
have full liberty to make their returns according to their own wishes

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎44] (61/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 25 January 2020]

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