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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎46] (63/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA—NO. Ill—1801.
period, tlie foundations of union and friendship have been cemented, and the habits
of amity and intercourse have been increased between the ministers of the Persian
State, of eternal duration, and the ministers of the high government of the refulgent
sun of the skv of royalty, greatness, and eminence, the sovereign of the countries of
England and India ; and as various engagements and Treaties, calculated for
duration and permanence, and for mutual good understanding, have been con
tracted, therefore this command from the Palace of Glory, requiring obedience,
has been proclaimed, that you, high in rank, do cheerfully comply and execute the
clear sense and meaning of what has been established ; and should ever any person
of the French nation attempt to pass your ports or boundaries, or desire to establish
themselves either on the shores or frontiers, you are to take means to expel and
extirpate them, and never to allow them to obtain a footing in any place, and you
are at full liberty and authorised to disgrace and slay them. You are to look upon
it as your duty to aid and act in a friendly manner to all traders, merchants, and
men of rank of the English nation ; all such you are to consider as possessing the
favour of the king ; and you must act in conformity to the conditions of the annexed
Treaty that has been concluded between the trustworthy of the high State, the
bracelet of the graceful government Hajee Ibrahim Khan and the high in rank,
Captain John Malcolm. View this as an obligation.
Dated the 12th of Shaban, in the year of the Hegira 1215* corresponding with
the- of January A.D. 1801.
Sealed in the usual form, on the back of the Firman A Persian word meaning a royal order or decree issued by a sovereign, used notably in the Ottoman Empire (sometimes written ‘phirmaund’). , by the following
Seal of Hajee Ibrahim Khan.
Seal of Mirza Heza Kottlt.
Seal of Mirza Keezy.
Seal of Mirza Mortiza Kouli.
Seal of Mirza Shuffee.
Seal of Mirza Asfud Oollah.
Seal of Mirza Aumud.
Seal of Mtrz \ Fuzullah.
Seal of Mirza Yusoof.
Treaty annexed.
Preamble .—Praise be unto God, who said, “ Oh you who believe, perform your
contracts, perform your covenants with God, when you enter into covenant with
him, and violate not your engagements after the ratification thereof.” After the
voice is raised to the praise and glory of the God of the world, and the brain is
perfumed with the scent of the saints and prophets (to whom be health and glory)
whose rare perfections are perpetually chaunted by birds of the melodious notes,f
furnished with two, three, and four pairs of wings, and to the highest seated in the
heavens, for whom good has been predestinated, and the perfume mixed with musk,
which scenteth the celestial mansions of those that sing hymns in the ethereal
sphere, and to the light of the flame of the Most High, which gives irradiated
The corresponding date of the Christian era is 29th December 1800.
f Metaphorically, Angels.

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎46] (63/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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